ABC Project

By Haley Chojnacki and Nick Tilly



Something needed to extract DNA (1.2)

Alcohol is needed to extract DNA. When you are mixing the DNA substance in a glass tube you add alcohol because it provides a base for the DNA to separate. This is how we use DNA in our labs. The specific alcohol is 100% ethanol.



A type of evidence that could be collected from the crime scene (1.1)

Blood is found and collected at crime scenes as evidence. If we were doing a real case study it would have been the same for us. We would have taken real blood samples and studied them. That would tell us whose blood it is. In our case they gave us info about the blood and we used that instead.



A gene (1.2)

This is a gene that you will find in your body. It is also one of the four main bases that you will find in DNA and RNA. It matches up with guanine. You will find this in your DNA and RNA. It is a very complex sequence that makes up who you are. We used this in our labs because when we were working with the DNA in the case study we took apart DNA and looked at it to see whose DNA was in the blood.



What is collected at a crime scene (1.1)

DNA is found and collected at a crime scene. They use it to see who was there and try to find who did the crime. We used DNA when we were looking at whose DNA was found at the scene of Anna’s death. We took apart the DNA and found that it was just Anna there that day. This is very helpful information in finding out her death.



A chemical of piece of equipment used in electrophoresis (1.2)

Electricity is used in electrophoresis (hence the prefix electro). We used electricity when we were picking out the DNA in the samples of blood we found. This came to be very helpful because we could determine that it was just Anna’s DNA at the blood scene so then it is less likely for it to be a murder.


Forensic Pathologist

A career related to Forensic Science (1.1)

This is a person who will talk to criminals and find out what their traits are. For example they would look through a criminals profile and then determine whether they could have done the crime or not. In our case a forensic pathologist would look at Anna’s close friends profiles to determine whether they could have done anything to kill her or have any reason to kill her.


Glumatic Acid

A nutrient (2.2)

Glutamic acid is a nutrient. It is a non needed amino acid that it in proteins. There is not much use to it for the body since it is not needed, it is just there taking up calories and wasting space.



A law that protects patients privacy

The health insurance portability and accountability act. Its goal was the make health insurance more affordable


Insulin Shots

A treatment for diabetes (2.1)

Insulin shots are a treatment for diabetes. Since people with diabetes can’t produce insulin this is the next best option for them. You simple inject insulin into a blood stream after you eat.


Jalapeno Cheetos

A food high in lipids (2.2)

This food is very high in fats. it is not just the breading on the outside but also the mixture it is dipped in. You would test for it using the burritts test. Most of it is unsaturated fat which is indeed bad.



An organ (1.3)

This organ is found in the urinary system. If it does not perform its function properly then it will shut down and you will get kidney disease. When this happens your body will not work to its best ability because you will not get enough energy. Best way to keep it healthy is to eat healthy.



A positive feedback loop (2.1)

This is a positive feedback loop. It is a positive feedback because when the child is coming out the body send a message to the brain which then releases oxytocin which will help push the baby out quicker.



A dependent variable (1.1)

We used meters as a dependent variable when we were using the blood dropper to see diameter. It was the dependent variable because we were using different heights and see how the would affect the diameter of the blood drops.



A cause of death that would require an autopsy (1.3)

Having a death of a natural cause would be someone who had a disease or a heart attack these type of complication are listed under natural deaths. Well you might know they had a disease or a complication but an autopsy will tell you how they died and definite proof of why.



A risk factor for developing diabetes (2.3)

Having diabetes there are multiple risk factors but for type 2 the most common is being overweight or obese. You can be over weight depending on your BMI (Body Mass Index). This is figured out by your height and weight but you are over a 25 BMI then you are considered overweight.



A bloodstain pattern or result (1.1)

A passive bloodstain would tell a investigator it was gravity acting on an injured body.


Quince Tart

A food high in carbs

Quince tart is high in carbs because its like a cake which has a lot of sugar and uses dough.



A body system (1.3)

The job of the respiratory system is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to the rest of the body. Key organ in the respiratory system is your lungs. The top respiratory system disease is asthma. Asthma is when you have troubles breathing normally from allergic reactions



A method of documentation used at a crime scene (1.1)

a sketch is to show where everything in the crime scene is located



An independent variable (1.1)

For the independent variable there was temperature. Temperature was independent because the question for the experiment was How does temperature affect body cooling. When temperature decrease the body temperature will decrease as well.



A kind of nucleotide (1.2)

Uracil pairs with adenine. Uracil is found only in RNA and is a pyrimidine. Also has 2 hydrogen bonds between Uracil and Adenine.



A restriction enzyme(1.2)

the source of this enzyme is vibrio anguillarum RFL91. This restriction enzyme cuts at CCAN5TGG.



A person who discovered something important about DNA (1.2)

Watson’s his discovery was the structure of DNA. He discovered the structure by building a model of DNA.



A fruit that has potassium and zinc which are both good for people with diabetes. Potassium helps with regulating your heart beat, help your muscles contract, maintain proper fluids. Zinc helps the immune system and needed for cell growth.



They are a food that contains starch. We learned about starch along with carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acid in our biochemistry unit.



A vitamin (2.2)

Foods high in zinc are seafoods such as crabs and oysters. Zinc is vital because it is in all of the human bodies organs, tissues, muscles, bones, fluids, and cells.