Dachau Camp

Seth Eddington, Talon Tapscott, Max Lake

THESIS

During World War Two, Germany did many terrible things to Jewish people and others that are not of the "Aryan Race". Children were killed, people were starved, forced to work in labor camps until death, thousands of people were gassed, and others were shot at point blank range. This was known as the Holocaust.
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Background of Dachau (SE)

The camp was established in 1933 and it was also the first concentration camp that was made by the Nazi party (1). It is located roughly ten miles Northwest of Munich (2). During the beginning of the camp, most of the prisoners were homosexuals, gypsies, and other political prisoners were held there (3). The camp had more built onto it and it could hold about 6,000 prisoners (4). Usually, many more people were put into the camp than 6,000 (5). At the top of the gate which led into the camp a sign read, "Arbeit Macht Frie" and that means "Work sets you free" (6). After Kristallnacht, more than 10,000 Jews were sent to Dachau (7). This camp was not a death camp and there was no use of a gas chamber at Dachau (8). The camp had a crematorium and a camp area (9). The camp was used for many medical experiments to the prisoners and many were killed or maimed for life because of them (10). On April 29, 1945, American troops liberated Dachau and found roughly 67,000 prisoners in the main camp and all of its sub camps (11).

Local Effect (SE)

Tens of thousands of Jews and other prisoners were rescued by the Allied powers (12). Many of the prisoners that were saved were moved into Displaced Persons camps (DP) across Europe (13). These Displaced Persons camps were all over Germany and Poland (14). Many of the camps in Europe had to be burned so that disease wouldn't spread. These camps were destroyed and there are many unmarked mass graves in the areas now.

Global Effects (SE)

The Holocaust horrors made many survivors wish to leave Europe (15). Many Jews went to Palestine and the United States of America for their new lives (16). The United States restricted immigration there and the British who controlled Palestine limited immigration there for Jews (17). Many Jews tried to get into Palestine illegally and many ships that headed for Palestine were caught by the British Navy (18). The captured ships and their occupants were forced to live in Detention Camps on the small island of Cyprus (19). But on May 14, 1947, Israel unrestricted Jewish immigration to the country (20).

Notes (SE)

  1. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  2. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  3. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  4. "Dachau," History, date accessed March 31, 2014, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Dachau.htm
  5. "Dachau," History, date accessed March 31, 2014, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Dachau.htm
  6. "Dachau," History, date accessed March 31, 2014, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Dachau.htm
  7. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  8. "Dachau," History, date accessed March 31, 2014, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Dachau.htm
  9. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  10. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  11. "Dachau," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005214
  12. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  13. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  14. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  15. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  16. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  17. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  18. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  19. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426
  20. "Animated Map," USHMM, last modified June 10, 2013, accessed March 31, 2014, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3426