John Peter Zenger
Paskalina Bourbon, Aiden Mcgardy, Alex Abalos, Jessica Hogle
"The question before the court and you, gentlemen of the jury, is not of small nor private concern. It is not the cause of a poor printer, nor of New York alone, which you are now trying. No! It may, in its consequence, affect every freeman that lives under a British government on the main[land] of America. It is the best cause. It is the cause of liberty."
(Defense attorney's closing argument in the Zenger case, 1735)
The Life and the Trial
John Peter Zenger, born in Germany in 1697, emigrated to New York City in the year 1710 at the age of 13 with his family. His father died along the way leaving his mother to raise Zenger and his siblings alone. For 8 years he was an apprentice to William Bradford, finishing his apprenticeship in 1718. The next year he got married, but she died leaving Zenger with a son. Then later on got married to Anna Maulist in 1722, who played a part in the Zenger Trial. The next year he got married, but she died leaving Zenger with a son. Then later on got married to Anna Maulist in 1722, whom played a part in the Zenger Trial.
In 1726 he established his own printing company and in 1733 he published his first issue of the New York weekly journal.
1710- moved from Germany to America at the age of 13
1710- Zenger's father died leaving the mother to raise Zenger and his siblings
1718- Zenger finished his indenture his mother signed him up for with William Bradford
1719- Married for the first time and had a son
1722- Married again with Anna Maulist and had five other children.
The New York Weekly Journal
William Cosby: The Arch Nemesis
William Cosby was known very well from his military achievements. When George II was crowned he transferred William Burnet to govern New Hampshire and Massachusetts leaving John Montgomery to take office, but died shortly after. George II then announced Cosby as "Captain General and Governor Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey and Territories depending thereon in America". Cosby then proceeded to make himself the most hated man in New York. He bent the law in order to steal money from the salary of the respectable senior member of the provincial council, Rip Van Dam. He censored articles that attacked him and hired the writer Francis Drake to advertise his greatness. The articles in the NYWJ he condemned as libel and then ordered the arrest of Zenger. But his greedy and selfish disposition could only get him so far...
The Trial of Peter John Zenger
Forty years after his death in 1746, Zenger's name was repeatedly mentioned in the debate over the American Bill of Rights.
Rutherford, L. "John Peter Zenger." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/zenger-john-peter.html>.
Marnie Hutchinson. Patience: Story of John Peter Zenger. Bloominton, IN: AuthorHouse. 2005. 432pp.
Gail Jarrow. The Printer's Trial: The Case of John Peter Zenger and the Fight for a Free Press. Honesdale, PA: Calkins Creek. 2006. 102pp.
William Lowell Putnam. John Peter Zenger and the Fundamental Freedom. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.. 1997. 193pp.
Livingston Rutherfurd. John Peter Zenger: His Press, His Trial. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co.. 1904. 275pp.
John Peter Zenger. A Brief Narrative of the Case and Trial of John Peter Zenger. New York: John Peter Zenger. 1735. 275pp.
Linder, Doug. "Account of Zenger Trial." Account of Zenger Trial. N.p., 2001. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/zenger/zengeraccount.html>.
"John Peter Zenger." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Aug. 2013. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Peter_Zenger>.
"John Peter Zenger (American Printer)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/656490/John-Peter-Zenger>.
"William Alexander Cosby, Sir (1690 - 1736) - Genealogy." Geni_family_tree. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://www.geni.com/people/Col-Sir-William-Cosby-Governor-of-New-York/6000000003258087344>.
Trial of John Peter Zenger | Classroom Clips. Trial of John Peter Zenger | Classroom Clips. N.p., 2008. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://classroomclips.org/video/614>.