Puerto Rico

Alliyah Dokes

Geography

The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, East of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles.

Population

Puerto Rico has a population of 3.548 million people (2014)

Culture

Taino and African influences are seen in the use of tropical fruits and vegetables, seafood, condiments, and legumes, and cereals. The Spanish contributed culinary techniques and wheat products and introduced pork and cattle. Traditionally, meals were patterned after Spanish custom: a continental breakfast, a large midday meal, and a modest supper. The traditional holiday menu includes pernil or lechón asado (spit-roasted pork), pasteles (plantain or yucca tamales), and arroz con gandules (rice with pigeon peas); typical desserts are arroz con dulce (coconut rice pudding), bienmesabe (coconut pudding), and tembleque (coconut milk pudding). Coquito is a popular coconut and rum beverage.

Politics

The official head of state is the President of the United States. even though Puerto Ricans can not vote in presidential elections. A local governor is elected every four years. Puerto Rico has its own constitution. The island is fully integrated into the U.S. military system. Puerto Ricans serve in the U.S. forces.

Tourism

The top four places to visit in Puerto Rico are San Juan, Rincon, Isla de Vieques, and Fajardo.

History

On November 19, 1493 Puerto Rico was discovered by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to claim lands for the rulers of Spain, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. In 1493 the island was called Borinquen by the indians who lived there. Columbus named it San Juan Bautista.