New Admin Vocab

Overview of Mastery vocabulary (Mastery Assignment)

We Will Be Covering

plaintiff,
defendant, complaint, summons, pleadings, pretrial conference, mediation, arbitration,
trial, preponderance of evidence, verdict, & appeal.

Plaintiff, defendant, & complaint

A plaintiff is a person. This person brings a case against another person through the law.

For example, Jane is a plaintiff because she brought a case against Alex.

As the defendant, Alex in our example is the accused in court law. A defendant can be an individual, company or institution.

The complaint is the statement against the defendant for unacceptable or non-satisfactory reasons in general.

Some examples of complain from a plaintiff against the defendant

People file complaints for all sorts of reasons.

The three images above are from google. I got the examples from https://www.ftccomplaintassistant.gov/Information#crnt&panel1-2

That website is for helping people file complaints.

Summons, Pleadings, & Pretrial Conferences

A summon is the date that the defendant must appear in court. The defendant will make a pleading, where they plead not guilty, guilty, or neither. The pretrial conference takes place. This conference is a meeting that covers topics from evidence and witnesses, discuss a settlement of the case, what matters should come before a jury, and a set time in place.
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Mediation, Arbitration, Trial, & The Preponderance of Evidence

The mediation is an intervention in a dispute that is held in order to resolve the dispute. The arbitration is when the arbitrator settles the dispute.

The trial is formal. This is where the evidence is examined before a judge. A trial can also take place before a jury to decide guilt in a civil or criminal case.

In a civil case, the preponderance of evidence is where a judge or jury decides in favor of one side or the other. The sides in a civil case are between the plaintiff and the defendant. This preponderance is based on the evidence and is weighted by the truth of the evidence and the accuracy of the evidence. The amount of evidence isn't a base factor that sways the direction of favor towards or against a party.

Verdict & Appeal

The verdict of a case is the decision within a disputed case that is either civil or criminal.

The appeal is when one applies to a higher court fora revisal of the decision of a lower court. An appeal can be made to the public.

Images

From Google