GREEK CODE OF CONDUCT

By Jessica Bujak and Alex Burkhardt

RULE #1: Citizens MUST obey the laws of the Gods

DO: Make sacrifices and listen to what the Gods tell you to do. "lifting our hands to Zeus, powerless."

DO NOT: Ignore the Gods. On p.737 "Disobedience angers the sun God, ... Zeus sends down a thunderbolt to sink Odysseus' ship."

RULE #2: Citizens MUST be physically and intellectually fit

DO: Use knowledge wisely. On p.56 "Your fathers son you are-your words have all his wisdom."

DO NOT: Let someone outsmart you. When Odysseus met Polyphemus, he was seen as a barbarian and was very gullible. Due to this, Odysseus had an easier time outsmarting him.

RULE #3: Citizens MUST always stay loyal to their people and men

DO: Stick with you crew and protect them. In book 12, Odysseus says: "Friends, have we never been in danger before this? More fearsome, is it, now, than when the Cyclops penned us in his cave? What power he had! Did I not keep my nerve, and use my wits to find a way out for us? Now I say by hook or crook this peril too shall be something that we remember."

DO NOT: Abandon or put your men in danger. On p.911 Odysseys says to the Cyclops "If ever mortal man inquire how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him Odysseus raider of cities, took your eye." By saying this, Odysseus only made the Cyclops' anger grow, putting his crew into grave danger.

RULE #4: ALWAYS welcome those who come peacefully to your land

DO: Give welcoming gifts and food to wandering strangers from afar. On p.109, "This is no way Alcinous, how indecent, look, our guest is on the ground, in the ashes by the fire...come raise him up and seat the stranger now in a silver studded chair, and tell the heralds to mix more wine."

DO NOT: Be rude and unwelcoming to visitors. Polyphemus is the anti-example of a good host and does not welcome Odysseus to his home.

RULE #5: Citizens must ALWAYS defend the good against evil

DO: Trust the Gods to make the good conquer evil in the end. On p.910 "You shameless cannibal, daring to eat you guests in your own house so Zeus and the other gods have paid you back."

DO NOT: Choose to fight for evil. In book 12, "That nightmare cannot die, being eternal evil itself--horror, and pain, and chaos; there is no fighting her, no power can fight her..." In this conversation, Circe represents good and fighting against Scylla is bad.

RULE #6: Citizens must ALWAYS protect and defend their home land

DO: Fight for your home land no matter what. On p. 960, "Odysseus and his men, seize this opportunity to launch their own attack, and the suitors begin to fall." When the suitors begin to take over and marry his wife, Odysseus kills all of them.

DO NOT: Let people take over your home or home land. In book 1, "[Telemachus] was sitting with the suitors, his heart troubled, picturing in his mind how his noble father might get back, scatter the suitors from his home, win honor for himself, and regain control of his own household."