Egypt Fair G.R.A.P.E.S Notes

By: Jaxon Palm

Geography (G)

The Nile River was used as a source of water for bathing, drinking, and fertile soil for the Egyptians.

It also gave Egyptians fish which was a good source of food.

And lastly it supported plants and animals which was good for food and farming.

The location of the Nile River Valley was important to the success of Egyptian Civilization because it kept away enemies and gave Egyptians stuff like water, fertile soil, water and fish.

The climate of Egypt was that it was warm and sunny but received very little rainfall.

And lastly the Egyptians used irrigation wisely by first digging basins-to trap the floodwaters-then they dug canals to carry water from the basins to fields beyond where the river could reach. They also built dikes to strengthen the basin walls.

Religion (R)

Religion was important to Egyptians because they worshiped many deities, or gods and goddesses. Religion influenced their ways of life because they believed in life after death and believed that they had to pass a trial by their gods and goddesses after death.

Four of the Gods or Goddesses that Egyptians worshiped were...

Re, who was the sun god.

Hapi, who ruled the Nile River.

Isis, who ruled over the dead with her brother and husband Osiris.

Osiris, who ruled over the dead with his sister and wife Isis.

Egyptians performed mummification on Pharaohs because it would protect their body from decaying so they would have a body in the afterlife. They also mummified cats when they died and the owners would shave their eyebrows to show grief and the Egyptians loved cats because the cats would keep away mice and rats and they were adored family pets. Another reason Egyptians loved cats was because the Goddess Bastet was often pictured as a cat headed woman.

The purpose of the pyramids was to protect the pharaohs body once mummified.

The mummified body of the pharaoh was inside the pyramids in a tomb.

The purpose of the Valley of the Kings was to protect the mummified pharaohs underground instead of building a pyramid for each pharaoh, because it took around 20 years to build one pyramid.

Achievements (A)

The Egyptians invented...

A system of written numbers based on 10, which was used for advances in mathematics.

Embalming, which was the process of mummifying a pharaoh.

A shadoof, which was used for irrigation.

Two inventions invented by Egyptians that are still used today are...

Fractions, adding, subtracting and dividing.

And the calendar, which was used to tell time.

The Great Pyramids of Giza were...

Huge pyramids that were used as a tomb site for pharaohs.

The Great Pyramids of Giza are still an engineering mystery because...

Nobody knows how they built them or lifted the blocks because they did not have big equipment like cranes back then.

Politics (P)

I leader was usually decided by having the father pass the leadership to his son.

Pharaohs, their family, and nobles were involved in Egypt's government.

Egyptians viewed pharaohs as the leaders of Egypt.

Three important pharaohs of Egypt were...

Ramses II, who was a great warrior and experienced leader.

Tut, who restored the old religion.

Hatsheput, who restored Egypt's wealth through trade with Africa and Asia.

Economics (E)

Trade was crucial to the success of Egyptian civilization because...

It made Tut's empire rich, and it gave Egyptians materials they needed that they did not have.

Two resources that Egyptians needed to trade for were...

Wood and Gold.

Two resources that Egyptians could trade with others were...

Beads and Metal tools.

Social Structure (S)

In Egypt...

Fathers taught their sons to farm and taught them skilled trades, they also headed the household. Men dressed in white linen clothes and wore heavy eye makeup and jewelry.

Women dressed in white linen clothes an wore heavy eye makeup and jewelry. Women worked on the rooftops, drying fruit, making bread, and weaving cloth. Women in Egypt had more rights than females in most other early civilizations. In Egypt women could own and pass on property. They could also buy and sell goods, make wills, and obtain divorces. Upper-class women were also in charge of temples and could perform religious ceremonies.

Few Egyptians sent their children to schools. The daughters learned how to sew, cook, and run a household from their mother. The sons learned farming or skilled trades from their fathers. Egyptian children had time for fun, as well, like playing with board games, dolls, spinning tops, and stuffed leather balls.

The king was in charge of the kingdom and him and his family were the only ones in the highest class.

Priest and Nobles were in the second highest class because they were really important but not as important to the Egyptians as the King.

Traders, artisans, shopkeepers, and scribes were in the middle class because they were necessary in the community but weren't as important as Priest or Nobles but they were more important than Farmers and Herders.

Farmers and Herders were in the second lowest class because they were important but still not as important as traders, artisans, shopkeepers, and scribes.

The lowest class was the Unskilled workers because they weren't that important to the Egyptians.

Here is an invention that I thought of for Egyptians

It is sort of like a shadoof but it's way quicker.

What it does is it is a human powered conveyor belt that has buckets attached to it that when used dunk into the river and scoop up the water, which is put on a slide taking it to wherever the Egyptians want it to. They way they use it is by alternated pulling on a rope on each side of the river and then it pulls that side towards them moving the conveyor belt.

I thought this would be helpful to them because it would make transporting water a lot quicker. There is a picture below.

And that is the end of my presentation hope you liked it.

Big image