Chapter 16

Section 1

History of Russia

-began between Baltic and Black seas

-vikings came from Scandinavia and created Kiev

-soon after the settlement expanded


-Russian Revolution begin during WW1

-the rule of czars ended

-Lenin leaded of the Communist Party took over

-new nation was called Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)


-United States feared the Soviet Union was spreading Communism

-started Cold War

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Russia's Economy

-adopted Command Economy to move to communism

-gave government control of states wealth: land, mines, banks, factories and transportation systems

-the Union created collective farms

-after the farms were created thousands of people moved to them

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Russia's Culture

-many follow Orthodox Christianity

-other religions include Buddhism and Islam

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