HIV/AIDS

A worldwide killer

What is HIV/AIDS?

  • HIV is a disease in which the HIV virus enters the T-cell (a fighter cell in the immune system) and makes duplicates. HIV causes the T-cells to destroy healthy T-cells and become inefficient in stopping the spread of other viruses.
  • AIDS is declared when the amount of T-cells in a persons body has significantly decreased and the person can no longer fight off infections and diseases.

Estimated HIV Infection in Africa

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Origin of HIV/AIDS

  • Scientists believe that HIV came from a particular kind of chimpanzee located in Western Africa.
  • Humans had come in contact with HIV when they hunted the particular chimpanzee and became infected.
  • Another theory is that western physicians infected Africans through oral polio vaccines in the 1950's.
Awaiting Tomorrow - People Living with HIV/AIDS in Africa

Spread of HIV/AIDS

  • HIV has been predicted to have first spread to humans in the late 19th or early 20th century.
  • HIV/AIDS spreads today through contact with blood and other body fluids from a person that is infected with HIV/AIDS.
  • Scientists have taken strains and guessed the year of origin of HIV/AIDS, which was predicted to be sometime between 1870 and 1902.

Spread of HIV/AIDS Map

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Statistics of HIV/AIDS in Africa

  • Sub-Saharan Africa has 69% of people living with AIDS and 70% of deaths in 2011 were due to AIDS.
  • In 2011 HIV has affected at least 10% of the population in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Swaziland has the highest percentage of HIV infected people with 26% in 2009.
  • More than half of new infections are among those under 25 years of age.
  • Today, one African out of 12 is carrying the virus and/or sick.
  • About 33.4 million living with HIV and 2 million deaths with aids.
  • Everyday 11,000 Africans get infected and 6,000 die from it.
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Treatment in Africa

  • Less than half of the people living with AIDS in Africa are getting the treatment they need.

Symtoms of HIV/AIDS

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Sore Throat and Headaches
  • Skin Rash
  • Weight Loss
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Night Sweats