Vietnam War

Hailey Loftis & Kallie VanBeek

Cold War


It was a war between Korea and Vietnam. It was known as the "cold" war, because they didn't do a lot of fighting. This happened from 1947-1991, about a 24 year period.The main goal was to stop the spread of Communism.

Containment

Containment is where people try to keep everything under control in a small area and to make sure it isn't spread. In this time period, the United States tried to contain Communism.

DMZ

DMZ stands for demilitarized zone. It was between the North and South Korea.It happened during 1966-1969.

Domino Theory

Foreign policy theory that speculated if one region came under influence of communism then the other surrounding countries would too.

Draft

As soon as men turned 18 years old they were forced to enlist in war. They would get drafted if they couldn't find enough soldiers to serve in war and they would be sent to fit.

General William Westmoreland

He was a four star U.S. army general that served in the Vietnam War,including the Tet offensive. He developed a strategy of attack against the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army . He later served as U.S. Army Chief of staff.

Ho Chi Minh

He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, he was also a prime minister.

My Lai Massacre

Mass murder of 347-504 unarmed civilians committed by U.S. Army soldiers. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated.[2][3] Twenty six soldiers were charged with criminal offenses, but only Second Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted.

National Liberation Front

North Vietnam established the National Liberation Front in 1960 to foment insurgency in the South.

Ngo Dinh Diem

First president of South Vietnam who had considerable US support due to his staunch anti-communism, he announced victory after a fraudulent 1955 plebiscite in which he won 600,000 votes from an electorate of 450,000 and began building a right-wing dictatorship in South Vietnam.

Pentagon Papers

United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.

Tet Offensive

One of the largest military campaigns that consisted of surprise attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers throughout South Vietnam.

Viet Cong

Political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War (1959–1975), and emerged on the winning side.

Vietnamization

Policy by Richard Nixon administration during the Vietnam War to end the U.S.' involvement in the war and "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops".

15 events in the Vietnam War

August 1950 — Truman sends first military advisers to Vietnam

July 21, 1954 — Geneva Conference splits Vietnam at the 17th parallel
1961 — JFK initiates Operation Farm Gate and sends Green Berets to Vietnam

November 2, 1963 — deposed South Vietnamese President Diem is assassinated
June 1964 — William Westmoreland put in control of U.S. military forces
August 1964 — Gulf of Tonkin incident
1965-1968 — Operation Rolling Thunder airstrikes
1966 — Operation Van Buren at Phu Yen marks beginning of “search and destroy”
1966-1968 — widespread protest of the Vietnam War
1968 — Tet offensive touches off widespread protests in the United States
1968 — Phoenix Program prioritizes capture and interrogation of Vietcong
November 1969 — news of My Lai massacre breaks
May1970 — Kent State tragedy
1971-1973 — U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam

July 2, 1976 — North and South Vietnam unified under communist rule

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Gave President Lindon B. Johnson the authority to increase our involvement in the war between North and South Vietnam since we were attacked by the North.

Cole Black

Spent 35 years in the navy as a pilot before he was shot down and captured by North Vietnam. He was held captive for almost 7 years and endured torture, was attacked with fellow prisoners, and moved to many different camps. He finally retired 13 years later.

-Kallie VanBeek

Norman C. Adams

He served in the army for 36 years with dreams of becoming a pilot. After his plane lost two engines he survived a horrific crash. After coming back home he reenlisted and went back to fly missions for cold war.


-Hailey Loftis

Top 10 Vietnam songs

  • Universal soldier- Buffy Sainte-Marie
  • Draft Dodger Rag- Phil Ocha
  • Get Together- The Youngbloods
  • Put a little love in your heart- Jackie DeShannon
  • People get to be free- The Rascals
  • Woodstock- Crosby, Stills, and Nash
  • It better find soon- Chicago
  • Matters of war- Bob Dylan
  • Eve of Destruction- Berry McGuise
  • Signs-Five Man Electrical band

Hero or Villains at My Lai

Hugh Thompson was a hero of My Lai because he helped innocent Vietnamese civilians who were being massacred by American soldiers. He told his crew to shoot any of the soldiers if they tried hurting the civilians while he evacuated them from the area. No one was shot and he saved families and a little boy and reported what he saw to his superior officers. When what happened in My Lai surfaced, he testified and put away the platoon leader of that group of American soldiers that massacred the Vietnamese people.