Chines Schools of Thought
by monica Szczepankiewicz
Confucianism was founded by the chines philosopher Confucius. The Goal of confutionism was to change and govern society wisely. It was also to let the ruler be a roam modle for the people and encurage otheres for a better society. Teachings of Confucianism are:1) Respect your elders, ancestors and social superiros.-AKA failial piety2)Code fo Conduct3) Education is important!4) Human natuer was good, not evil.5) and finnaly the five relationships: *Father to son *Older brother to younger brother *husband to wife *ruler to subject *Friend to FriendLater after Confucus death his says were writen down into a book called analects, by his pupils. His Teachings Beacme the government for the Han Dynasty. But then the Qin Dynasty took over and brought up a government of Legalism.
Now the Chines philosipher, Hanfeizi, belived that the natuer fo man was evil and full of greed and conflict. He also belived that strict laws and harsh punishments were in oder for a good Govenment. This is how Legalism came to. The Qin Dynasty is a good example of the ways of a Legalism Government. They forced people to work on governmetn projects and punish them is they did not complete or deniyed their duties. For example the Great Wall of China was constructed during this Dynasty. The Wall was ment to keep invading nomads away from harm. but ironicly the construction fo the great wall it self was harsh, and people who would die in the middle of construction were left to rot or were built around into the great wall.
Philosopher Laozi founded Taosim (Daoism). Tao means the way, which was the basic idea for a Taoism Government. Laozi beleived that the best ruler is the one who governed the least. He also belived that if you wanted to contain happiness you need to follow these simple rules.1)Practice a humble lie 2)Live a simple life3)Live in harmony with nature
Goal: to lead by education and wisdom.
Goal: Prepare for war/battle at any time, and strick laws/rules to keep order.
Goal: to keep in peace with every one and natuer. (or as i would like to call it pre-buddah:)
Buddism in China
Budissm first started in inda and later made its way to China. Although its style a changed a little, but still has the same basic idea to live in peace. In AD 100, missionaries diffused Buddhism into china. Stupas, or temples, beacme important cultural centers. The pagoda architectuer also diffused to china. Buddist belived that every one has a journey and they usually look for a journy for peace within them. The Four Noble Turths1) All human life involves suffering and sorrow2)The desire for a life fo pleasure and material gain causes suffering and sorrow.3) Renouncing desire frees people from suffering and helps thier souls attain nirvana.4) The eithfold path leads to renunciation, or denial fo desire and attainment of nirana.The Eightfold Path1) Right VIews: seeing life as is really is.2) Right Intentions: living a life fo good will; Striving toward perfection.3) Right Speech: avoiding lies and gossip.4) Right Action: trying to be law-abiding and honest.5) Right living: avoiding work that harms others6) Right effort: seeking to prevent evil.7. Right Mindfulness: constant awarness of ones self 8) Right Concentation: directing the mind in meditation
Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism in China
Legalism Part 1