Caileigh & Pj
- The history of tennis dates back several thousand years. The game was first created by European monks to be played for entertainment purposes during religious ceremonies.
- The game soon became very popular, predominantly in France where it was adopted by the royal family.
- The French players would begin the game by shouting the word “tenez!” which meant “Play!” The game soon came to be called royal or “real tennis.”
Tennis owes its invention to many pioneers, prominent among whom, was the Englishman, Walter Clopton Wingfield, who patented it in 1873. The game was brought to America, via Bermuda, by socialite Mary Ewing Outerbridge from Staten Island, New York. In USA, it was first played in 1874, at the Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club.
Game play and Rules
- One player hits or serves the ball from a corner of a marked out area called a court, that is divided down the middle with a three feet high net. The opposite player's goal is to return the ball, bouncing it no more than once in his own court, aiming for the other player to not be able to hit it. A point is gained when a player is not able to return the ball at all or he hits it out of the court. The ball is always served cross court or diagonally.
The player who scores four points first, wins the game, provided there is a difference of two points. Zero score is referred to as 'love'. Ergo, the '0-0' score at the beginning of the game is referred to, as 'Love All'! Which all games start with a message of love.
- The court is 78 feet.
- 27 feet for single matches
- 36 feet for double matches
- Service line is 21 feet from the net
- A player must serve the ball from behind the baseline, standing between the center and side line. The serve execution in the first game of a set, should always be executed from the right side of the court, by a singles or doubles player. The service must land in the cross court or diagonally opposite service box (area between the net and server line). If the serve happens to land outside the service box or hits the net, the player is allowed to serve again.
Here are conditions under which a point may be lost.
The player errs consecutively while serving, causing a double fault.
A player is unable to return the ball in the opponent's court, before it bounces twice.
The player hits the ball outside the court or hits a permanent fixture like the net poles.
A player returns a serve, before it hits the ground or before it has crossed the net
A double racket touch or carrying of the ball by a player.
A player touches the net or comes in bodily contact with the net or any part of the opponent's court or the ball hits the player's body.
When both doubles players on a team, touch a ball at the same time
Singles vs Doubles
- In a singles game only two people are playing against each other. Usually two males or two females.
In singles, the server (person playing first) and receiver (one who receives the serve) change position (left/right), after every point and the ends are changed after every odd numbered game.
- In doubles Serving is alternated from team to team and from player to player so that each player serves every fourth game.
- Both partners (receivers and servers) can stand anywhere they want, however it is traditional for partners to stand side by side.
Ace: legal serve not touched by the receiver
Alley: the extra area of the side court used for doubles
Double Fault: two missed serves in a row, the server will lose to point
Deuce: when the score in a game is 40 - 40
Ground Stroke: a forehand or backhand shot made after the tennis ball bounces once on the court
Volley: shot where the ball is hit by the player's racquet before the ball hits the ground