Election Of Nixon
Election Of 1968
- Richard Nixon was the Republican candidate for president of the United States in 1968
- Hubert Humphrey was the Democratic candidate that he ran against.
- On November 5, 1968, the Republican nominee, former Vice President Richard Nixon (31,710,470) the election over the Democratic nominee, Vice President Hubert Humphrey (30,898,055)
- Nixon ran on a campaign that promised to restore "law and order".
- It was also the last election in which two opposing candidates were vice-presidents.
Election of 1972
- The United States presidential election of 1972 was the 47th quadrennial United States presidential election.
- Emphasizing a good economy and his successes in foreign affairs , Nixon won the election in a massive landslide
- Nixon won the election, with a 23.2% margin of victory in the popular vote, the fourth largest margin in presidential election history.
- He received almost 18 million more popular votes than McGovern—the widest margin of any U.S. presidential election.
- In his first term as president, Richard Nixon promised the American public that he would reduce U.S. troop levels in Vietnam.
- Vietnamization -U.S. would gradually withdraw from the war, leaving the South Vietnamese army to shoulder the bulk of the fighting.
- War Powers Act -The law required Nixon and any future president to report to Congress within 48 hours after taking military action. It also provided that Congress would have to approve any military action that lasted more than 60 days.
- U.S. military involvement in Cambodia continued until August 15, 1973, when bombing in support of the anticommunist regime was halted by agreement between Nixon and Congress.
Policy of “détente”
- Detente Is the easing of strained relations, especially in a political situation.
- Began in 1969, as a foreign policy of U.S. presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford called détente; a 'thawing out' or 'un-freezing' at a period roughly in the middle of the Cold War
- Détente ended after the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, which led to the United States boycott of the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
WaterGate and Nixon's Impreachment
- Watergate :June 17, 1972 - five men arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee's executive quarters in the Watergate Hotel.
- Nixon was accused of getting illegal help in being re-elected.
- Nixon admitted to complicity in the burglary.
- Nixon tried to use government to cover-up his involvement.
- In July, 1974, Nixon's impeachment began, so he resign with a disbarment.