A little space away this summer!
A LITTLE SPACE AWAY THIS SUMMER!
Enjoy this opportunity to escape a little space away this summer! Our spaceship will be able to accommodate 50 people in year 3013 touring the planets Mars and Saturn, also along the way exploring many comets, meteorites and asteroids. This trip will conclude after 4 days of traveling the Solar System.
Mars was the Roman god of war. It protected those who fought for their communities. In Greek, Mars was known as Ares and also occasionally referred to “Red Planet” as mars’ surface is red.
Planet Mars is known to be very similar to planet Earth because of its mild temperatures. Evidence suggest rivers, streams, lakes and oceans had once been on planet Mars before Mars' atmosphere slowly depleted into outer space. Surface water on Mars then began to overtime evaporate permanently. Today the only water on Mars is frozen in the polar caps or underground. Mars has the highest mountains and deeper canyons than any other planet. The largest canyon on Mars stretches out 3961 kilometers wide. Mars also has the Solar System's largest volcano called Olympus Mons, which is 550 kilometers tall, three times larger than Mount Everest on planet Earth.
Saturn was the Roman god of agriculture. He was called Cronus by the Greeks. He is the son of Uranus and the father of Jupiter. Saturn overthrew his father to become king of the gods, but was then overthrown himself by his son Jupiter. Saturn is similar to Jupiter in many ways, however it is much smaller than Jupiter. Saturn is the second largest planet in our Solar System and is a gas giant alike Jupiter. Under the clouds of methane, hydrogen and helium, the sky gradually turns into liquid until it becomes a large ocean of liquid chemicals.
Saturn is the least solid planet in our Solar System. It is made up of mostly hydrogen and helium, which are the two lightest foundations in the universe in which makes Saturn. Because Saturn is so light, it does not have as much gravity and is believed it would actually be able to float in water. Unlike other planets in the Solar system, Saturn is not a rounded planet as it spins at more than twice as fast as Earth does, completing a rotation every 10 hours. Alike Jupiter, Saturn is wider in the middle and narrow near its top and bottom.
Saturn is most well-known for its rings. However, it is not the only planet with rings. Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune also have rings. Saturn’s rings are 169,800 miles wide. However, the rings are most interestingly thin, approximately less than a kilometer thick. There are 7 categorized rings in total that surround planet Saturn. The rings of Saturn are not solid but are made up of dust, rocks and ice particles. The gaps seen between these rings are held by the moons gravity also holding in place Saturn by orbiting the planet.
A comet is a small world which scientists often name a planetesimal. Planetesimal are made of dust, ice and dirty snow balls. Comets obit the sun two places firstly, the Oort cloud and the Kuiper Belt. A comet can spend billions of years in the Kuiper Belt or Oort cloud. Sometimes two comets will come very nearby to each other, or even crash into one another. When this happens the comets change directions. When comets approach the warmer Inner Solar System they melt along the way leaving behind glorious tails shining. As the comets melt down into tiny pieces of ice and dust they overtime eventually melt away completely.
Meteorites are pieces of rock or metal in the solar system that fly down to the ground through our atmospheres at speeds of 15 to 70 kilometers per second. Most meteorites come from the break-up of small asteroids that never formed a planet. Some have remained unchanged for 4.5 billion years and so preserve evidence of the conditions under which they formed. Meteorites contain water, compounds of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen.
An asteroid is a large rock in outer space. Some, like Ceres, can be very large, while others can be as small as a grain of sand. Due to their smaller size, asteroids do not have enough gravity to pull themselves into the shape of a ball. Astronomers group asteroids into different categories based on the way they reflect sunlight.
Quaoar is a famous non-planet object in the Solar system. It is the diameter of 1250 km and is larger than all other asteroids put together.