Social Emotional Development

Birth - Age 2

Temperament..

Temperament refers to the quality and intensity of emotional reactions.


The child behavior to the world .


Temperament is broken up into nine categories:

  • Activity level
  • Irritability
  • Approach/withdrawal
  • Intensity of responses
  • Persistence
  • Adaptability
  • Quality of mood
  • Regularity
  • Sensitivity.

ATTACHMENT..

A strong emotional connection between people
  • Several early attachment behaviors are shown by infants.
  • Parents play many different roles in the lives of their children,
  • Teacher, playmate, disciplinarian, caregiver and attachment figure.
  • an attachment figure is one of the most important
  • in predicting the child’s later social/emotional outcome

Changes over time..

Birth - 3 months

  • Newborn doesn't really have emotion.
  • excitement and distress are only shown
  • excitement = Smiling , Distress =crying
  • No tears when child cry.

3-6 months..

  • Children respond to others with smiles/laughter's
  • make happy sounds when played with/held
  • notice and smile at other babies
  • tears begin to appear
  • uses different cries for different distress.

6-12 months

  • Becomes actively involved
  • emotions start to show
  • sounds in response to others
  • develops fear
  • develops attachment to caregiver
  • separation anxiety starts to show
  • behavior continues 14 - 16 months

12-24 months..

  • separation anxiety
  • anxiety occur
  • interest in exploring
  • play next to other children
  • do not interact much with them
  • self - awareness
  • say "NO"