Saudi Arabia

By: Reagan Ray

Government type, Leaders, and Branches

Government: Unitary state, Islamic state, Monarchy, Absolute monarchy


King/Prime Minister: Salman of Saudi Arabia

-December 31, 1935 (age 80)

-Spouse: Sultana Bint Turki AlSudiari (m. ?–2011)

-12 sons/ 1 daughter

-Parents: Hussa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi, Ibn Saud



Executive Branch:

The King is also the prime minister, chief of state, the head of government, and commander in chief of the military of Saudi Arabia.

Legislative Branch:

This is made up of a Consultative Council (also known as Majlis as-Shura or Shura Council) advises the King on issues that are important to Saudi Arabia.

Judicial Branch:

The country is governed and justice is administered according to Islamic law.

Other:

Local elections in 178 municipalities were first held in 2005, and only male citizens over 21 were allowed to vote.

There are no political parties in Saudi Arabia.

Economy

Economy - overview: Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world's proven petroleum reserves.


GDP per capita- 25,961.81 USD (2013)


currency- Saudi riyal


population living below poverty- Saudi Arabia at 12.7 percent


TOP IMPORTS

  1. Vehicles: US$22,685,657,000 (14.9% of total imports)
  2. Machines, engines, pumps: $22,081,295,000 (14.5%)
  3. Electronic equipment: $12,458,840,000 (8.2%)
  4. Oil: $11,384,299,000 (7.5%)
  5. Iron or steel products: $6,057,415,000 (4.0%)
  6. Aircraft, spacecraft: $4,937,731,000 (3.2%)
  7. Iron and steel: $4,686,588,000 (3.1%)
  8. Cereals: $4,612,134,000 (3.0%)
  9. Pharmaceuticals: $4,309,796,000 (2.8%)
  10. Medical, technical equipment: $3,870,166,000 (2.5%)

TOP IMPORTS

  1. Oil: US$296.2 billion (85.1% of total exports)
  2. Plastics: $19.8 billion (5.7%)
  3. Organic chemicals: $16.2 billion (4.6%)
  4. Fertilizers: $2.1 billion (0.6%)
  5. Aluminum: $1.4 billion (0.4%)
  6. Gems, precious metals, coins: $970.6 million (0.3%)
  7. Inorganic chemicals: $967.0 million (0.3%)
  8. Dairy, eggs, honey: $700.7 million (0.2%)
  9. Copper: $671.4 million (0.2%)
  10. Iron or steel products: $650.2 million (0.2%)

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Entertainment


    On the surface, Saudi Arabia may not seem to be a very festive place. The country's only official holidays are the Muslim holy days of Eid ul-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan, and the lesser-known holiday of Eid al-Adha, held roughly 70 days after Ramadan.

    Dance is also popular among Saudis. The national dance is the men's sword danceknown as the ardha. An ancient tradition with its roots in the country's central area known as the Najd, the ardha is a combination of singers, dancers carrying swords and a poet or narrator.

    The cinema of Saudi Arabia is a fairly small industry that only produces a few feature films and documentaries every year.

    The Hejaz Railway Museum in Medina is a railway museum that was opened in 2006.

    The National Museum of Saudi Arabia is a major national museum in Saudi Arabia. Established in 1999.


    Popular Sports


Magic Police- It is illegal in Saudi Arabia to practice any form of sorcery or magic. The Saudis have a police unit set up specifically for catching witches, and the people they catch end up in pretty serious trouble. Two maids were sentenced to a decade in prison and a thousand lashes each for practicing magic in their employer’s house. The evidence included talismans found in their bedroom.


Sidewalk skiing is the name for tipping a car onto its side wheels on a public road, driving it on a tilt, and then climbing out and standing on top of the vehicle (though it’s all right if you leave someone in the car to drive).


In 2012, over 3 million Muslims made a pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is known as “hajj” and is one of the most sacred things a Muslim can do. As you might expect, so many people descending on one place can cause problems. Saudi Arabia is currently suffering from a mysterious SARS-like virus that has killed almost 50 people, so the government is urging people to refrain from this years’s hajj as much as possible.

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National Anthem

HastenTo glory and supremacy,Glorify the Creator of the heavens!And raise the green flagCarrying the written light reflecting guidance,Repeat: Allahu Akbar! [1]O my country!My country,Live as the glory of Muslims!Long live the KingFor the flagAnd the homeland!

سارعي

للمجد والعلياء
مجدي لخالق السماء
وارفعي الخفاق أخضر
يحمل النور المسطر
رددي الله أكبر
يا موطني
موطني
قد عشت فخر المسلمين
عاش المليك
للعلم

والوطن

Sources

"10 Fascinating Facts About Saudi Arabia - Listverse." Listverse. N.p., 28 Sept. 2013. Web. 02 May 2016.

N.p., n.d. Web.

"Saudi Arabia's Top 10 Artists and Where to Find Them." The Culture Trip. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2016.