By Skylar Glenn
1. All cells are made from living things.
2. Cells are the basic unit of life.
3. They are made of preexisting cells.
The mitochondria is the organelle that produces energy through the cellular respiration. The mitochondria is found in both plant and animal cells. They get their energy by breaking down sugar molecules. They are just like a city's power plant!
Chloroplast is only found in plant cells. They use the energy from the sun to make food for that plant. Chloroplast could be considered to work like solar panels.
The vacuole is the organelle that stores the cells food, water, and waste. They are found in both animal and plant cells. They work like a cities water tower.
Ribosomes is an organelle that is found in both animal and plant cells. Ribosomes produce the cells proteins. They are the smallest organelles.
A Golgi body is the organelle that is found in both animal and plant cells. They process and package the cells molecules. They look like a stack of flattened stack of membranes, or if you would call it, pancakes.
The nucleus is in the center of the cell. They control all the cells activities. The nucleus contain the genetic information, or what you'd call the DNA. A nucleus is found in animal and plant cells. They look like large oval shape objects.
The cell wall is found in plants, fungal, and bacteria cells. It helps support and protect the cell. It is the outer layer of a cell.
The cell membrane controls all of the movement that is coming in and out of the cell. They are the protection and support of the cell. A cell membrane in an animal cell, is the outer boundary. For plants, it is under the cell wall.
Lysosome is an organelle that is found in animal cells only. It digest old cell parts. They also break down larger molecules into smaller ones. They work just like a recycling center.
Prokaryote and Eukaryote
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes are two types of organisms. Prokaryotes do not contain a nucleus while eukaryotes do. Animals, protists, fungi, and plants have a eukaryote cell. Prokaryotes are/ have archaea, and bacteria. Prokaryotes also do not have membrane bound organelles. Humans are made of eukaryote cells.