The Civil War! Brought to you by...

Jonathan Worthington and Omar Ibrahim

The Secession Crisis

  • Southern states were slowly seceding from the Union.
  • South Carolina seceded first after Lincoln was elected for president.
  • The North sent supplies to Fort Sumter while the Confederacy opened fire.
  • The Crittenden Compromise was the final attempt of Compromise by the South but was denied by the Republicans because it reestablished the Missouri Compromise line.
  • Northern advantages included: a twice as large a population of the South, a more advanced industrial system, more advanced artillery and manpower.
  • Southern advantages included battling on their home land and wise generals.

The Mobilization of the North and the South

  • Both sides funded their side of the war by issuing bank notes and issuing paper money, borrowing from foreign nations (specifically South) and levying taxes.
  • Women took over positions vacated by men, such as teachers, nurses, office workers, factory hands, and in the South they took charge of the farms.
  • Lincoln declared all slaves in rebellious states free with the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Conscription - In order to maintain the higher population, the North drafted soldiers. If someone was drafted, they could choose to pay it off or get someone drafted instead.
  • Black soldiers were often mistreated and abused in the war.
  • Lincoln arrested dissenters during the war.

Strategy and Diplomacy

  • Other than Texas, all western states remained loyal to the Union in the war.
  • The Foreign Nations were biased towards the Confederates. After they got a supply of cotton from another country, they remained neutral.
  • The North had the naval advantage because by blocking the South's forces, they could not travel anywhere to fight. They were forced to remain where they were.
  • Abraham Lincoln was the president at the time of the war for the North and Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederate States of America.
  • The Confederates attempted to convene with the Five Civilized Tribes in the west, but it resulted in their own civil war.

The Course of Battle

  • The battle of bull run was the first major battle of the war between General Irvin McDowell and General Beauregard. The battle displayed the illusion of quick war and the Union lost.
  • Repeated weapons were used by both sides such as Samuel Colt's 1835 repeating revolver and Oliver Winchester's rifle.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of war between General Meade of the North and General Lee of the South.
  • General Ulysses S. Grant was appointed to the general of the entire Union army after his valiant efforts of the battle of Chattanooga.
  • General Lee of the South surrendered to Grant of the North at the Appomattox Court House which signaled the end of the war.