space race

what were some of the major events?

When Russia sent its first satellite called sputnik then almost a month later sent up sputnik 2 with a little dog inside.


The US explorer 1 is launched into space and leads to the discovery of the Van Allen Radiation belt


The US creates NASA to replace the National Advisory Commitee of Aeronauts (NACA)


The Russians send the first man-made object to orbit the sun, Luna 1


The Russians Luna 3 orbits the moon and takes pictures of 70% of its surface


The US launch the Discoverer XIV, the first spy satellite.


The Russian Yuri Gagarin is the first man to orbit the earth


Alan B. Sheppard is the first American in space, arriving only 24 days after Yuri


President Kennedy was assassinated


Ed White is the American to so the space walk


Mariner sent back the first images of Mars


Russians Venus 3 is launched and is the first man-made object on Mars


Russians Luna 9 was the first spacecraft to soft land on the moon


Russians Luna 10 was the first satellite to orbit the moon


The US Surveyor 1 soft lands on the moon 2 months after the Luna 9

Gemini 12 was the last flight of the Gemini program started in 1961. It launched with James Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin.


Russian Venera 4 sends data about the atmosphere of Venus


Russian Zond 5 is launched with a biological payload, including two turtles, around the moon and back to earth


the US Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders begin the first manned journey from the Earth to the moon. On Christmas Eve, they took turns reading from the book and Genesis in a broadcast heard around the world.

How did this parallel the Cold war?

During the Cold war the US and Russia we in a race to make huge advancements first. Their space programs were no exception. If the Soviets came out with something new, so would the US soon after. If the US came out with new technology, Russia would come out with something better soon after.