LYNX IS Description
animal is peligro de extincion
Lynx is the name given to four wild cats from the felidae family. The four species of lynx are: the Canadian Lynx (Lynx canadensis), Eurasian (or Siberian) Lynx (Lynx lynx), Bobcat (Lynx rufus) also known as the wildcat and the Spanish (or Iberian) Lynx (Lynx pardinus). The Caracal, despite sometimes being called Persian Lynx or African Lynx, does not belong to this genus.
The Spanish lynx population continues to decline and it is one of the most endangered cats in the world. The Canadian lynx is becoming very rare in the northern United States due to hunting, habitat destruction and competition with the more aggressive bobcat.
The bobcat is the most successful out of all wildcats as it is highly adaptable both in habitat and prey. The Iberian lynx is one of the worlds rarest mammals and is rated as the most endangered cat species in the world because of its low population, limited number of habitats and its small range.
Lynx populations rise and fall in synchronization with the population cycles of snowshoe hares. When hares are abundant, more lynx survive to reproduce and their numbers increase. When hare populations fall, which occurs every 10 years, many lynx die of starvation.
Lynx are medium sized cats whose coats of fur vary in colour according to their climate range. Lynx in the southern regions of their range tend to be shorter haired, darker in colour and have smaller paws, whereas in the Northern regions their coats are thicker and lighter in colour (for camouflage), and their paws are larger and much more padded to deal with the cold and snow.
All species of lynx have white fur on their chests, bellies and on the insides of their legs. Lynx have short tails, long whiskers and characteristic tufts of black hair on the tip of the ears. Lynx have long front and hind legs that support their thick set body which measures 65 – 130 centimetres (26 – 51 inches) in length and weighs about 11 – 37 pounds (5 – 17 kilograms). Lynx have a tail length of 2 – 6 inches (5 – 16 centimetres).
Canadian lynx are smaller than Eurasian lynx and are more grey in colouration. Like all cats, the lynx has exceptional night vision due to a layer of mirror-like cells in their eyes called the tapetum lucidum. Light that is unabsorbed by the retinal receptor layer hits the tapetum lucidum and is reflected right back at the retinal receptor layer for another chance at absorption. This is why cat eyes shine in the dark. Their sensitive whiskers, quick reflexes and acute hearing also help the lynx hunt at night.