Grade 6 Basketball

Knowledge and Skills you must have!!!

Knowledge of the Game

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Basketball Positions

Five players per team are on the court at a time in a basketball game.


  1. Point Guard/Guard
  2. Shooting Guard/Wing
  3. Small Forward/ Wing
  4. Power Forward/Post
  5. Center/Post


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Basketball Offensive Skills & Knowledge

Offence

A team is in offence when they have possession of ball and the aim is to score. An offense is your method to score baskets and get open shots against your opponent. Most coaches consider their offense to be a continuous motion or a play that can be run over and over again. It's common to have more than one offensive set, usually a primary offense and a secondary offense. Players need to have all the basic skills before they are taught how to run any offensive plays.

Seven Basic Offensive Skills

  1. Players must be able to PASS & learn not to over possess the ball
  2. Players must be able to CATCH and confidently retain possession
  3. Players must be able to DRIBBLE not pick up the ball too early (hold their triple threat)
  4. Players must be able to CUT & PIVOT & understand that movement without travel is the key
  5. Players must be able to SHOOT from any position using correct & simple technique
  6. Players must be able to LAY-UP left and right handed
  7. Players must be able to SCREEN so they can learn a 'pick & roll' early on

Triple Threat

The triple threat position is one of the basic positions in basketball. Most often used by the shooting guard and the small forward. This position gives the player 3 options, drive, shoot or pass.


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Cross Over Dribble

A crossover dribble is a basketball maneuver in which a player dribbling the ball switches the ball rapidly from one hand to the other, to make a change in direction.In a typical example the player heads upcourt, dribbling the ball in (say) the left hand, then makes a wide step left with a good head fake. If the defender is deceived, the player can then switch to dribbling with the right hand and surpass the defender. The crossover can allow the player an open short jumper or a clear path to the basket.


  1. Dribble the ball in your strongest hand as you approach the defender
  2. Pause here and focus on your dribbling while keeping your defence at bay.
  3. Push the ball to the side you're dribbling it in and if your defender moves with you, quickly bounce it in the other direction and move towards the net before the defence catches up. Try to run in front of the defence; so that when he chases you, if the player goes for the ball, it's a foul.
  4. A good way to know if your defender bites is if their balance is shifted (i.e. if he's bending right, go left FAST... and vice-versa).
  5. For this move to be effective, it must be done with speed and control.
  6. When dribbling/crossing over don't look at the ball.

Jump Shot

A jump shot is exactly what it means jumping to shoot and gain an athletic advantage and power when shooting the ball. It is all about incorporating the legs into the shot. Jumping will allow you to help shoot over another player and will allow you to explode toward the basket. Everything else within your shot technique must remain the same including landing after the jump with your feet in the same position as when you started.


The hardest thing when shooting a jump shot is co-ordinating the timing of the jump and ensuring your shooting action works in motion with your jump.


  • Prepare to shoot the ball before you catch it, be low and ready
  • Catch the ball in the air to develop rhythm
  • Lock your feet and head into your shot
  • Point ten toes at the target
  • Be balanced in a strong athletic stance
  • Keep your feet apart throughout the shot and attempt to land in the same spot
  • Release the ball at the top of your jump for maximum power

Screen/Pick

A screen is a blocking move by an offensive player, by standing beside or behind a defender, to free a teammate to shoot, receive a pass, or drive in to score. In basketball, it is also known as a pick. Screens can be on-ball (when set for the ball-handler), or off-ball (when set for a teammate moving without the ball to get open for a pass). The two offensive players involved in setting the screen are known as the screener (who blocks the defender) and the cutter (who gets free from the defender).

Pick & Roll

After setting the screen, the screener is often open to roll to the basket and receive a pass. This tactic is called pick and roll in basketball.


Defence Knowledge & Skills

Defence is when your team doesn't have the ball and the aim is to stop the other team from scoring and try to get possession of (steal) the basketball. There are many types of defence, including a man-to-man and different types of zones.

Man-to-Man Defence

Zone

Zone defence is a type of defence, used in basketball, which is the alternative to man-to-man defence; instead of each player guarding a corresponding player on the other team, each defensive player is given an area known as a "zone" to cover. A description of a zone defence corresponds to the number of players on the front of the zone (farthest from the goal) and works its way to the back of the zone. For example, a 2-3 zone is a zone defence in which two defenders are covering areas in the top of the zone (near the top of the key) while three defenders are covering areas near the baseline.


Seven Basic Defensive Skills


  1. Players must be able play in a correct STANCE as footwork & balance are key skills
  2. Players must be able to COMMUNICATE to help team mates on defence & be confident
  3. Players must be able to see the BALL and their OPPONENT at the same time
  4. Players must be able to BOX OUT to rebound the ball & prevent opponents from rebounding
  5. Players must be able to CLOSE DOWN their opponent without over-playing it
  6. Players must be able to RUN WITH their OPPONENT & pressure the ball without fouling
  7. Players must be able to BLOCK shots without fouling