Windows & Doors

By: Anna, Priscilla & Jessica

Provide natural light, ventilation and privacy #windowsanddoors

Windows

Windows provide natural light, ventilation, and privacy. They also contribute to the atmosphere of the room, add detail, and give balance to a room.

Types of Windows

Draperies

  • Pleated panels that can cover the glass area or be pulled to one or both sides for decorative purposes.
  • Cornice- horizontal decorative treatment across the top of the window generally made of wood that is padded and covered with fabric
  • Lambrequin- a cornice that extends down the sides of the window.
  • Valance- horizontal, decorative, fabric treatment across the top of draperies to provide a finsihed appearance and hide hardware cords.

Sliding Panels and Screens

  • Provide dramatic window treatments and a spectacular room focus.
  • Sliding Screens can be used in place of draperies or curtains.
  • Require tracks at the top and bottom as well as space beside the door or window to be fully opened.
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DOORS

Doors are necessary for connecting one area to another while providing protection and privacy. They also contribute to the atmosphere of a room and give balance and desgin to the exterior of a structure.

Flush Doors

  • Most commonly used doors in current construction
  • Hollow-core flush door- frame work core covered with a wood, metal, or vinyl venner. Light weight and relatively inexpensive, low strength and insulation value. Exclusively used as interior doors.
  • Solid-core flush door- consists of solid particleboard or tightly fiitted blocks of wood covered with a veneer. Heavy, strong and good inulators. More expensive than hollow-core doors and used as exteroir doors.

Stile-and -Rail Doors

  • Are constructed with a strong, heavy frame around the perimeter of the door. Verticle frame members (stiles) and horizontal members (rails) provide support across the center of the door. The space beween the stiles and rails is filled with thinner panels that are set into the framwork. These are most commonly made of glass or wood.
  • Panel doors- Stile-and-Rail doors that use thinner wood panels within the framework. They are solid and provide complete sight and great sound privacy when closed. Sash doors are nearly the same as panel doors, but one or more of the panels aare glass. Sash doors provide privacy, but they also allow light and a view.
  • Louver doors- have a series of wooden slats set between the stiles and rails. These doors are not solid, and impractical for exterior use. They are appropriate where good ventilation is desirable or where privacy is not important. Louver doors are commonly used for closets, laundry rooms, or space divisions.

Swinging Doors

  • A door placed on hinges so it swings out from the wall. Swinging doors are the most convenient to operate for passage from room to room; they are also the most secure. Most swinging doors only upen in one direction.
  • Double-action door- door with special hinges may be used so the door opens both ways, sweeping in a full 180 degree arc. Double-action doors are used between rooms with freuent cross trafic that requier a closed door most of the time. Space must be allowed on both sides of the doos so that the door can swing freely. Two of these doors can be paired to create swinging double doors.
  • Dutch door- is a swinging door with independently moving upper and lower halves.

Sliding Doors

  • Set on a track and are opened or closed by gliding along the track. Glides on the floor keep the door from swinging. They are useful because they do not require extra clearence space for opening
  • Bypass doors- Most common type of sliding door used. They are popular for closets and other large openings. The doors are set on adjacent, parallel tracks so each can move past the other. Door handles are not used to prevent interfering the passage. The most common sets of bypass doors have two doors, but more can be used to cover a larger opening. They may be flush or stile and have a rail of wood or metal construction. Glass-sliding doors are a popular exterior bypass door. Usually two glass panels are used, and in some cases only one moves. One disadvantage of this type of door is that the total opening is obscured by the width of one door even when fully open.
  • Pocket doors- Fit within the wall when open. Useful where space is not avalible for a swinging door. They are more difficult to operate that swinging doors and they require hollow wall space beside them. It is difficult to use this space for mounting.
  • Surface-sliding doors- Runs on a track that extends onto the wall beside the doorway. This requires free wall space for opening the door.

Folding Doors

  • Folding doors are hung on overhead tracks with nylon rollers or glides, like sliding doors. Folding doors fold back into a stack when open.
  • Bifolding doors- Made of two units joined with hinges. The construction is either flush or stile and rail. The doors are usually installed in pairs that open from the center. The most common use is for closets. They require less operating space than a typical flush or panel door, but do need some clearence space.
  • Multifold doors- More than two units are joined.
  • Accordian doors- Generally used to close large openings where other types of doors would be impractical. They consist of very narrow panels that fold back and require very little space when open. Made of wood slates, plastic or other sturdy, flexible materials.

Garage Doors

  • Two types: Overhead sectional and one-piece overhead.
  • Produced in wood, metal, and fiberglass.
  • Typical widths: 8, 9, and 10 ft (Single car). 16, 17, and 18ft (Double car)
  • Standard heights: 6ft. 6in and 7ft.
  • Proper wiring must be provided for automatic garage door openers. Adequate headroom is necessary to mount the motor drive on the ceiling
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