By: Leah Whiting
The Beginning of Ancient Greece
The story of ancient Greece began between 1900 and 1600 bc. They came from the grasslands east of the Caspian Sea, driving their flocks and herds before them. At that time the Greeks—or Hellenes, as they called themselves—were simple nomadic herdsmen. The first invaders were the fair-haired Achaeans of whom Homer wrote. Other tribes, the Aeolians and the Ionians, found homes chiefly on the islands in the Aegean Sea and on the coast ofAsia Minor. They used gold and bronze and made pottery and paintings. The land that these tribes invaded—the Aegean Basin—was the site of a well-developed civilization. Gradually, as they settled and intermarried with the people they conquered, they absorbed some of the Aegean culture.