Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Culture of Republic of Equatorial Guinea

The People

The population of Equatorial Guinea is about 523,000 and is growing at 2.4 percent annually. Because Etorial Guinea was colonized by Spain, Spanish is the official language and the primary language of business, government, public schools, and urban life. Due to colonization, the population is 83 percent Roman Catholic. The average person commonly wears second hand western clothing.

Customs and Courtesies

Greetings are accompanied by enthusiastic handshakes and sometimes small bows. Equatoguineans use hand gestures during conversation and for many life situations. Equatoguineans are very social, and visiting is an important way to establish and maintain social contacts. Urban residents tend to follow Spanish eating customs, with a light breakfast of coffee or tea and bread, a main meal at midday, and a light dinner between 8 and 10 p.m.


As in many parts of Africa, poygmous extended family structures still dominate Equatorial Guinea's rural life, while nuclear famalies are more common in cities. Dances are frequently accompany festivals and holidays. Community members preform dances that represent a theme to daily life. National holidays include New Year's Day, Easter, Labor Day, Corpus Christi, the President's Birthday, Armed Forces Day, Independence Day, Constitution Day, Immaculate Conception Day, and Christmas. Generally, hours for business, banks and government offices are 7:30to2:30.


The constitution provides the president with extensive powers: he is commander-in-chief of the military and minister of defense. For common people, the accepted mode of transportation is walking. While the majority of all children attend primary school, only about 10 percent are enrolled in secondary school. The populations primary health problems are malaria, diarrhea, and intestinal parasites.