Facts about Egypt

Physical Geography

Egypt has one of the most amazing physical land features in its time. It had rocky mountains, and its jewel, the Nile river. This 4000 mile long river[longest river in the world] has many cataracts. The Nile separates the two main deserts, the Western and the Eastern.

In which the Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea. And during the Egyptian time the land was separated into two parts.Upper and lower Egypt. Until later on a man made them whole again.

How Physical Geography protected Egypt

There where many obstacles in Egypt, and here are some. For one there was the scorching Western and Eastern desert, and being so hot it would be practically impossible to cross.

Then you have the 4000 mile long Nile river with many cataracts. Then you have the towering mountains which are nearly impossible to cross. And last but not least, the Red Sea was another challenge that invaders had to cross.

Why is the Nile so important?

The Nile was so important to the Egyptians because it was the main life source for them.

The Nile was of the main water sources for the Egyptians. It was also where you could plant because it did not rain much in Egypt so the river flooded every year and silt and irrigation was used and the reason they could do that was the Nile river.

Egyptian social Hierarchy

The Egyptian social hierarchy is like today. The closer to the highest person, the better. They where at that level because their parents or someone in your family was a lower level of social hierarchy. The highest of them all is the pharaoh. He is believed to be a god by the Egyptian people. Then the second ranks is the nobles. Their positions are officials and priest that help run the government and temples. Then you have the scribes and craftspeople. Scribes were the writers and the craftspeople produced goods [wheat, barley, etc]. And finally the lowest class of Egyptians were the slaves, the farmers, and the servants. Most of the Egyptian people where farmers, slaves, and servants.

Why was the Rosette Stone so important

The Rosette stone was important because it was like a translate for other languages and then we learned how to read hieroglyphics. The languages were hieroglyphic, Greek, and demonic. There was a lot written like religious documents, and it was written in 196 B.C. It was written by religious priest. And because of this Rosette Stone, we would probably taken a long time to understand hieroglyphics. Also it was found in a town called Rosetta or Rashid.

How these terms are related to ancient Egyptian religion

Ancient Egypt was a religious place and one of those things was about mummification. It was related to their religion because they believed that was the way that the pharaohs were prepared to descend into afterlife, and that made them believe in higher beings.

This happened to many people but one of the main times it happened to a pharaoh. It was believed that these pharaohs were gods. They were the mightiness and the highest rank to live by so everyone worshiped them.

After these kings died they went on a journey called afterlife. This is the way that pharaohs got to the underworld. And there they where believed to live forever, and that made them think that they where gods.

Then these amazing rulers want to go die in tombs,and some times pyramids. These great structures are monuments for the pharaoh and the people believed that this place was a way to show their gratitude to their "gods".

And it was everyone had something called a ka. It was believed that everyone had a soul[aka a ka] that went to a afterlife, and they where tested by Anubis which made them think there was a afterlife.

And when someone died, it was believed that they went to the afterlife.The only was to get in Anubis. This was a man/ creature/ god that test if your heart was good enough to pass to the afterlife. This was believed happen so that made people think differently about their lives.

And Anubis was believed to not to be the only one. This belief was called polytheism. This was the belief of many gods. This made them think that there was many gods that overpowered them, so they worshiped them.

Then there there was a place called a temples. These where the places that people went to worship pharaohs and gods. This was the way that they believed they brought wealth and happiness to the land.

Famous pharaohs and their contributions to Egyptian history

Ramses the great- Ramses the II was a great pharaoh, on and off the battle field. He took back land for Egypt that had be lost by former pharaohs and that came in handy when Egypt was expanding. And he rained for 66 years! And in Egypt that was a very long time. Also adding to his military strength was 100,000 men! And that was his main way that he won the battles.

Akhenaton- He was a very influential when it came to religion. He was even the first pharaoh to only believe in one god and that made people think differently about the gods.

It was also a possibility that he fathered the one and only king tutankhamun.

Djoser- He was such a good pharaoh he was considered a god. And that made people worship him very much. He even expanded Egypt's trade and its development, and that made them have new things. His tomb was even the first monumental stone building in the world, and that changes the world forever.

Khufu- One of his biggest achievements was the great pyramid of Giza. And this monument is one of the 7 wonders of the world. And to this day it still stands. He even ruled for 24 years. And he even made many more structures.

Sneferu- His son made one of the biggest monuments in the world, the great pyramid of Giza. Not only did his son have great building achievements, Sneferu made the largest step pyramid in the world. And the people worshiped it. And he even made 3 more pyramids, and that was one of the most made by one pharaoh, and that made them think he was one of the greatest pharaohs.

Alexander the great- Alexander was one of the greatest military leaders and rulers of all time. It first started when he was 19 and then he glided through the ranks and later conquered Egypt. This was a big change for Egypt and it changed the land for ever.

How Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia are similar and different

Different-Not like Mesopotamia and the Middle East,where an original river valley basis to civilization ultimately made way to the extension of civilization throughout an entire region, Egyptian civilization from it origin to its down fall was set on The Nile River and the deserts around it. Throughout all of Egypt phases, Egyptian civilization was characterized by the might of the pharaoh.But Mesopotamia relied on one another. Even though Mesopotamia found and made a lot of things, they never had the architecture like Egypt. Egypt made a strong central authority while Mesopotamian politics changed more frequently over a substructure of regional city-states. Mesopotamian art pinpointed on less monumental structures, while embracing a pronounced literary element that Egyptian art didn't have.

Similarity- Both of theses civilizations believed in the worship of many gods, or polytheism. And to worship these gods, they built temples. Both of these civilizations relied on one thing, the Nile River. And not only did they use that for drinking water, but for farming. The Nile River flooded once a year. And once it left, it left silty that is perfect for the plants. They both best expressed themselves through art no matter if it was about religion, or anything else. They also hand their one writing. At the beginning the both used pictographs. They even had laws! And they both had their own way of communication. And lastly, they both have their own way of show social hierarchy.