Cerebral Palsy

A breif explanation of the three types of Cerebral Palsy

The Three Types of Cerebral Palsy

  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Tightened muscles causing leg stiffness
"Scissor Gait" - legs brush against each other

Have trouble with every aspect of daily life (Hoon, 2005)

  • Athetoid/Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy

Slow, uncontrolled twisting movement

Not limited to limbs
Rapid, jerking movement
Injured Thalamus - used in relaying sensory information and acting as a center for pain perception
Basal Ganglia - collection of nuclei found on both sides of the thalamus (Turner, 1999)

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

Affects balance and coordination
Walk with feet apart
Problems writing
Injured Cerebellum - important part of the brain that controls motor control (

Hoon, 20050)

Diplegia - both legs
Hemiplegia - one limb
Quadriplegia - all four limbs

These information is provided by The Journal of Child Neurology by Hoon in 2005.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy

Heredity (Congenital) - cerebral cortex not "wired" properly

Physiological Factors
- Stroke, Embolism, Blood Diseases and Severe Jaundice/infection

Placental Problems
- Infections passed through pregnancy or delivery, autoimmune problems, trauma to child during pregnancy or to mother, Rubella, German Measles
Living with Cerebral Palsy

Frequenctly Asked Questions

What can I do if my child is affected by Cerebral Palsy?
Join other parents in a support group to discuss the challenges and success stories with each other. A support group can be helpful with difficulties encountered daily. Doctors are able to assist parents in locating local support for families. Therapy is extremely helpful; ensure that your child is able to attend. If you would like more general support, click the following link: http://cerebralpalsy.org/popular/

How can I help?

Can I pass this to my child?
Yes, if the Cerebral Cortex is "wired" incorrectly (Beers, et,al., 213).

Is there a cure for Cerebral Palsy?
Not yet. Donate.

Presented to you by:


  • Beers, M. H., Porter, R. S., Jones, T. V.(Online service), & Teton Data Systems (Firm). (2006). The merck manual of diagnosis and therapy (18th ed.). Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories

  • Hoon Jr, A. H. (2005). Neuroimaging in Cerebral Palsy: Patterns of Brain Dysgenesis and Injury. Journal Of Child Neurology, 20(12), 936-939.