a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence. In other words, you are rushing to a conclusion before you have all of the facts.
Example: Sam is riding her bike in her home town in Maine, minding her own business. A station wagon comes up behind her and the driver starts beeping his horn and then tries to force her off the road. As he goes by, the driver yells "get on the sidewalk where you belong!" Sam sees that the car has Ohio plates and concludes that all Ohio drivers are jerks.
Oversimplifies an opponent’s viewpoint and then attacks that hollow argument.
Example-Prof. Jones: "The university just cut our yearly budget by $10,000."
- Prof. Smith: "What are we going to do?"
Prof. Brown: "I think we should eliminate one of the teaching assistant positions. That would take care of it."
Prof. Jones: "We could reduce our scheduled raises instead."
Prof. Brown: " I can't understand why you want to bleed us dry like that, Jones."