The Middle Ages :)

This is all about the Middle Ages in Europe

This Is a map of Europe

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Feudalism and Manorialism

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Manorialism in the Middle Ages was really important. If you weren't on a manor you were poor and probably hungry.Feudalism was the dominate social system in the Middle Ages in which nobility holds land from the monarchy in exchange for military service.

Monarchs

Monarchs were the kings and queens of Europe. They handed land out to nobles in exchange for protection and military service. They were the richest people and held power.

The Catholic Church

Christianity was the main religion in medieval Europe. The Catholic Church held a lot of power and land in the Middle Ages. The leader of the Catholic Church was the pope, which at sometimes held more power than the king.

The Crusades

The crusades were wars held to try to regain the holy land from Muslims in the Middle Ages. On the first crusade the Europeans took control of the holy land then many left. After that, the Muslims started taking over again. The Europeans tried to take back the land during the second crusade but failed. In the third crusade Saladin defeated the Christians and King Richard convinces him to allow Christians to visit. One sad crusade was the children's crusade in which 30,000 kids went to fight but they never made it to the holy land many of them dying along the way and the rest turning back.

The Black Death

The Black Death was a series of violent plagues that came to Europe by rodents which traders unknowingly brought aboard their ships from the Middle East. The rodents had fleas which bit the infected rats and then jumped onto humans and infected them. The plague could kill people in hours or up to five days. The most common form of the plague was the bubonic plague. It caused swellings called buboes on the skin which severely hurt. It also caused necrosis which was when the skin started to turn black because the skin cells died. It also caused a high fever, nausea, and joint pain.Another pneumonic form was airborne, was always fatal, and could kill people in a mater of hours. The Black Death killed almost 25 million people and in most places the manor system fell apart completely plus many villages were abandoned, people found laborers in high demand so serfs and peasants could demand wages ,and some places were unaffected but others were completely destroyed.

Growth of cities

Cities grew in Europe during the later Middle Ages. With laborers in high demand they could demand wages where before they could not demand wages. This brought about changes because many manors were completely abandoned so the laborers could travel freely from place to place. Then specific skills were also in high demand . A new philosophy was also made. It was humanism which was the idea that humans could do anything they set their minds to. This brought along a demand for artisans and merchants.

The Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Inquisition was a mission to purify Spain from heretics and non believers. They used torture devices to get people to admit to it. Queen Isabella and king Ferdinand were the starters of the Spanish Inquisition. They thought that converts didn't really convert. They used torture devices like the rack to get heretics to admit and name another heretic.

Advancements during the Middle Ages

Some advancements were:

  1. The invention of cannons
  2. The invention of banking
  3. Nationalism was created
  4. They toned down religion
  5. Humanism was made

Knights

Knights were the main military during the Middle Ages. They mainly rode on horseback and were highly trained.