The Roaring 20's

By: Ryan Marsh

Charlie Chaplin: The man, the myth, the legend

Charlie Chaplin had done many things up till the 20s but the 20s definitely saw his popularity soar. By the early 1920s, Chaplin was making his own films with actors Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks due to the establishment of Chaplin Studios in 1919. Having control of his own films lead to classics such as 'The Kid', 'The Gold Rush', 'City Lights', 'Modern Times' and 'The Great Dictator'. These films made him the most popular and successful film star of his time.
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Birth of Mass Culture: Radios and movies

During the 1920’s radios and movies people had more choices where they could entertain themselves. When radio broadcasting started it appealed mostly to the male population. Families and neighbors would gather to listen to all the news that was being talked about on the radio. You could listen to just about anything on the radio such as sports, musicians, weather reports, and any relevant news. For the first time normal people were allowed to listen to what was going on at the World Series. Then companies began to advertise their products to gain more popularity since radio was becoming so big. Movies became big business during the 1920’s. Movie stars helped to highlight the idea of fame and celebrity. Some of these movies were meant to educate people on the current events taking place in society, and were for sheer entertainment.

Economic Status

After WW1 Europe was in shambles; even with an allied victory countries like france and belgium were decimated. Because of this many people chose to flee their war stricken countries and immigrated to America. Due to mass lending and sales of ammunition to the european powers America was in an economic boom. The war effort had created thousands of new jobs paying better than ever. And this sudden increase in immigration meant that the labour force expanded to new levels. But this increase in population brought with it major problems. Cities began to overpopulate, and there were more people than jobs. With the end of the war jobs suddenly vanished and the economy began to buckle under the weight of America's huge population. Finally in 1929 the stock market crashed, sparking the largest economic depression in history; felt around the world.

Cultural Civil War

New Woman: Flapper, 19th Amendment:The battle for suffrage was now finally over. After a 72-year struggle, women had finally won the precious right to vote. An Equal Rights Amendment was added to the Constitution. Flappers were known as Northern, Urban, Single, Young, middle-class women. Many of these women held steady jobs in the changing American economy.The clerking jobs that blossomed in the Gilded Age were more numerous than ever before.The consumer-oriented economy of the 1920s saw a burgeoning number of department stores. By night, Flappers engaged in the active city nightlife. They frequented many different jazz clubs and vaudeville shows. However, these new ideas introduced by flappers broke the established rules set for women. This caused a cultural conflict between two different ideas of how women should behave.

The Great Migration: also known as the relocation, of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from 1916 to 1970, had an enormous impact on urban life in the United States. Driven from their homes by bad economic opportunities and harsh segregationist laws, many african americans headed north, where they took advantage of the need for industrial workers that first arose during the First World War. During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting economic, political, and social challenges and creating a new black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come.The Great Migration also began a new era of increasing political activism among African Americans, who after being disenfranchised in the South found a new place for themselves in public life in the cities of the North and West.

Final Response

The roaring 20's saw the rise of technology in all departments. Because of new innovations in communication between people and countries, ideas and cultural trends were able to spread on a much faster scale. This also shows ideas reaching a global scale, which was of course met by opposition by many communities who believed differently from the cultural norm. Although this opposition, the innovations in communication allowed for a more global community and brought the world together better than ever before.