Meningitis

Jacob Long

Description

Viral meningitis usually begins with symptoms of a viral infection such as fever, a general feeling of illness, headache, and muscle aches. Later, people develop a headache and a stiff neck that makes lowering the chin to the chest difficult or impossible. Doctors suspect viral meningitis based on symptoms and do a spinal tap (lumbar puncture) to confirm the diagnosis. If people appear very ill, they are treated for bacterial meningitis until that diagnosis is ruled


(out.https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/brain,-spinal-cord,-and-nerve-disorders/meningitis/viral-meningitis)

How it attacks

The subarachnoid space is located between the middle layer and the inner layer of the meninges, which cover the brain and spinal cord. Viral meningitis usually begins with symptoms of a viral infection.



Later, people have symptoms that suggest meningitis. That is, they typically have fever, headache, and a stiff neck. Trying to lower the chin to the chest causes pain and may be impossible. Moving the head in other directions is not as difficult. Symptoms may resemble those of bacterial meningitis but are usually less severe and develop and progress more.


(slowly.https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/brain,-spinal-cord,-and-nerve-disorders/meningitis/viral-meningitis)

''Hide Out''

Meningitis is a serious infection of the thin lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. To find it you get a spinal tap done. This infection causes a very bad headache and a stiff neck.

Most Common Injury

Infections, and less commonly other causes, in the brain and spinal cord can cause dangerous inflammation. This inflammation can produce a wide range of symptoms, including fever, headache, seizures, change in behavior or confusion and, in extreme cases, can cause brain damage, stroke, or even death.

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/encephalitis_meningitis/detail_encephalitis_meningitis.htm

Degree of Danger

Meningitis can be very harmful, if untreated it can cause headache, seizures, change in behavior and even death. So i would say it can be pretty dangerous.

Who it Targets

Meningitis is not a biased virus at all it targets all people young or old, and at any age. Even if diagnosed early between 1 and 10 percent of people die. In the last 20 years close to a million people were suspected of meningitis in the African meningitis belt, Including about 100,000 deaths over 4000 of these happened in 2009 when a large breakout of it took place. People most at risk are ages 1-30 but it can affect anyone at any age.

Most effective weapon

Oral antibiotics are less reliable for meningitis because their infection-fighting ability can be hampered by vomiting, poor absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, and other uncertainties. Antibiotics are typically given three times a day for 7 to 21 days, depending on the type of bacteria organism causing the meningitis and the type of antibiotic chosen. Patients are often in an intensive care unit of a hospital during meningitis treatment so that they can be watched carefully to be sure the antibiotic treatment is effective. Commonly used meningitis treatments include a class of antibiotics called cephalosporins. Some forms of bacterial meningitis are particularly dangerous as well as very contagious, so family members and friends who’ve had contact with the patient may need to take prophylactic antibiotics to prevent getting the disease.

http://www.everydayhealth.com/meningitis/using-antibiotics-to-treat-meningitis.aspx