temperate rainforest


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the temperate forest of south island of new Zealand are some of the largest contiguous areas of native vegetation in the country and are one of the one five major temperate forest in the world. Those of the west coast wich include a world harritage site and five national parks.

new zealand

new Zealand is apart of the region that has temperate rainforest.this global Eco region is made up of 7 terrestrial Eco region: Richmond temperate forest; nelson coast and Westland temperate also southland and northland and northland temperate kauri forest, these temperate forest are all in new Zealand.
Temperate Rainforest



C, Zachary. "Rainforest Plants." Rainforest Plants. Blueplanetbiomes.org, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2016.

Elizabeth Anne Viau

there is a wide verity of animals in the food web

map of climate change

pic of the different types of climate change

pic of temp rain grass

different types of grass


the obvious element of climate in the the temperate forest is precipitation.at least 200 cm of it,perhaps up to 350 cm in warmer areas.the precipitation can fall in the form of rain or snow,with snow becoming more likely at higher elevations.the average annual temperature is above 0 degrees c,largely influenced by the near by oceans.the warmest of the temperate rain forest may have average annual temperatures around 20 degrees c.750 to 1,500 mm of rain per year is the precipitation.-30°C to 30°C, yearly average is 10°C, hot summers, cold winters,the temperatures.


The soil in the Temperate Forest is very rocky, sandy, and is known to be mostly poor quality. The first layer of the soil is the organic layer where decomposition of plants and animals makes it the richest. The second layer is the topsoil, third is the Elvval layer, the fourth is the Ilvvial layer, fifth is the subsoil layer, and the sixth is the bedrock layers. All of these layers help to determine what types of trees, plants, and flowers can survive in this biome


Unlike tropical forests, temperate forests have just two layers of vegetation. The tallest trees have their foliage generally about 15-30 m above ground and a layer of shrubs and smaller trees underneath, at approximately 5-10 m. This is why the soil receives more light than in tropical forests and the undergrowth is luxuriant: ferns, mosses and lichens, especially in very rainy areas.During the spring growth, i.e. when the tree foliage has not completely formed yet, there is plenty of light reaching the ground and this makes plants grow on the ground. This is why many of the species that live on the ground grow, flower and bear fruits before late summer. Later on, sciophilus plants, i.e. plants that like shade, start to grow. These plants have extremely efficient mechanisms to capture and use low-intensity light and are able therefore to survive even when the foliage completely covers the soil underneath.
The main trees living in this biome are: beeches, sycamores, oaks, aspens, walnut trees, lime trees, chestnut trees, birches, elms and in America tulip trees.
The beech
Beeches (Fagus selvatica) can reach up to 40 mt tall and have a large, dome-shaped foliage. Their fruits, called beech nuts, look like chestnut husks, but their thorns do not prick since they are softer and more rounded. They prefer clayey and airy soils, in wet areas, away from harsh winter frost. They are common in Central and Western Europe, where they are largely used to make timber. They are not only extremely useful (furniture, parks, railway sleepers, cellulose), but also commonly used as ornamental trees.Walnut tree
Walnut trees (Juglas regia) are large trees that can reach up to 20 mt tall. Their fruits are stone fruits (they are fleshy fruits, i.e. the ovary wall that envelops the seeds becomes juicy when mature) with a green fleshy part (husk), which, when dry, releases its woody stone (walnut) which contains an edible seed rich in fats. Walnut trees are widespread everywhere as fruit trees and for their precious timber which is used to make furniture; they are productively grown in temperate areas: the most important walnut producing country are the United States.


Deciduous trees are trees that shed their leaves once a year at the approach of a cold or dry season and later grow new leaves. (Plants that keep their foliage throughout the year are called evergreens.) Deciduous trees usually have broad leaves e.g., ash, beech, birch, maple and oak.

  • In SUMMER, their broad green leaves help capture sunlight needed to make food through photosynthesis.

  • As temperatures drop, the tree cuts off the supply of water to the leaves and seals off the area between the leaf stem and the tree trunk. With limited sunlight and water, the leaves are unable to continue producing chlorophyll (green pigment in leaves) causing them to change into the beautiful red, yellow and orange leaf colours of FALL.

  • In WINTER, it is too cold for the trees to protect their leaves from freezing, so they simply loose them and seal up the places where the leaves attach to the branch. Losing their leaves helps trees to conserve water loss through transpiration. (Dried leaves continue to hang on the branches of some deciduous trees until the new leaves come out.)

    Before the leaves die, some of the food material they contain is drawn back into the twigs and branches where it is stored and used the following spring.

  • The warmer temperatures of SPRING signal to the trees that they can grow new leaves again, and restart the cycle.

human impacts

In 50 years, a tree releases about 6,000 pounds of breathable oxygen, enough for about 4 people a year.

Nearly 1.6 billion people — about a quarter of the Earth's population — rely on forests for wild food, medicines and fuelwood.

Global deforestation continues at the rate of 13 million hectares (32 million acres) a year, equal to an area the size of Greece.

Deforestation accounts for about 11% of all global greenhouse gas emissions caused by humans — comparable to the emissions from all of the cars and trucks on Earth combined.

interesting information about the temperate forest

In the past 40 years, nearly 20% of the Amazon rainforest has been cut down – more than in the previous 450 years since European colonization began.

- Deforestation accounts for nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions, more than all of the world’s cars, buses and planes combined.

- Deforestation results in soil erosion, droughts, and an increase in the frequency and strength of wildfires.

longitude and latitude

emperate forest, vegetation type with a more or less continuous canopy of broad-leaved trees. Such forests occur between approximately 25° and 50° latitude in both hemispheres (see Figure 1). Toward the polar regions they grade into boreal forests, which are dominated by evergreen conifers, so that mixed forests containing both deciduous and coniferous trees occupy intermediate areas. Temperate forests usually are classified into two main groups: deciduous and evergreen.