Paul's Case Literary Analysis

Elias Wilkinson

Point of View

The story Paul's Case is in third person omniscient. Jesus is omniscient. Point of view is important because the author can draw the reader's attention to elements that developed the character and explain the plot of the story. Discrete details, opinions or emotions of the speaker or main character give the reader access to unique information.


Paul is a very cynical person and sees the bright sunshine and the sandy beaches as a tool to see the pollution of the earth. Characterization allows us to empathize with the main character and the other characters. It also allows the reader to see the introspective part of the person rather than just the dialogue or commentary by the narrator.


The setting of the story is actually an abstract setting. It is in the past. We must understand the past of Paul to understand his present and future. This is a picture of a DeLoren, from Back to the Future movie series. The setting allows the reader to assess the mood of the story. The setting also sets a tone to the story, providing foreshadowing to possible events and even could add a sense of irony at the end of the story.


Paul finds the need to have a certain element of artificiality in his life. Paul's inner man is perplexed and confused, as the artificiality motif within the story reflects his views of life itself. Symbolism is used within the short story to represent Paul's inner man and contributes to the language of the story. Symbolism also allows readers to associate a certain object with the symbolic meaning in the future.


The theme of the story is once again abstract. The experiences in life make us who we are. Paul's poor experiences left him devastated and hurt, molding his social psychological interpersonal interactions with himself and others to forever be crippled. Theme is extremely important to every story because it is the central topic or concept that the author is attempting to convey. This is the only reason the writer is writing, to tell the reader the message.
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