Dwarfism

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Dwarfism is a condition that is characterized by short stature

Dwarfism occurs when an individual person or animal is short in stature that comes from a medical condition caused by abnormal (slow ) growth.Dwarfism is defined as an adult height of 147 cm that is 4 feet 10 inches.It can be caused by more than 200 medical conditions

The most seen SYMPTOMS

Children with growth hormone deficiency have a slow or flat rate of growth, usually less than 2 inches per year. The slow growth may not appear until a child is 2 or 3 years old.

The child will be much shorter than most or all children of the same age and gender.

Children with growth hormone deficiency still have normal body proportions, as well as normal intelligence. However, their face often appears younger than children of the same age. They may also have a chubby body build.

In older children, puberty may come late or may not come at all, depending on the cause.

There are various more symptoms of Dwarfism

Most basic treatments and tests

A physical examination -- including weight, height, and body proportions -- will show signs of slowed growth rate. The child will not follow the normal growth curves.

Hand x-ray (usually the left hand) can determine bone age. Normally, the size and shape of bones change as a person grows. These changes can be seen on an x-ray and usually follow a pattern as a child grows older.

Testing for growth deficiency requires more than a simple blood test. Testing is usually done after your child's pediatrician has explored other causes of poor growth.

  • Growth hormone causes the body to make insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3). Tests can measure these growth factors.

  • Accurate growth hormone deficiency testings involves a stimulation test. This test takes several hours.

  • MRI of the head can show the hypothalamus and pituitary glands.

  • Tests to measure other hormones levels (lack of growth hormone may not be the only problem) may be done.

Some examples