Pierre Trudeau

By: Brandon Sattan

Pierre Elliot Trudeau

Pierre Elliot Trudeau was a prime minister of Canada, politician, writer, and a constitutional lawyer. He was born on October 18, 1919 in Montreal, Quebec, and died on September 28, 2000 in Montreal, Quebec. He was the 15th Prime Minister of Canada and arguably one of the best known Canadian politicians.

October Crisis

On October 5th, 1970 one of the most traumatic episodes in Canadian political and social history began when members of the Liberation cell of the FLQ (Front de libération du Québec) kidnapped James Cross, the British Trade Commissioner and Pierre Laporte. This was Pierre Trudeau's first serious event that occurred while in office, as the P.M he decided to invoke the War Measures Act giving the government full control and power to arrest anyone they think is involved without a trial. By doing this angered the kidnappers resulting in Pierre Laporte's death, however it in the long run captured multiple members of the FLQ; which led to the freeing of James Cross. This incident showed how strong of a leader Pierre Trudeau was even when many disliked his descision about the Act, he believed that if he didn't invoke the Act many others would've been targeted; this describes how he cared about all his people.

The Official Languages Act

Pierre Trudeau's first act as P.M was the creation of the Official Languages Act in 1969, which made Canada a bilingual country with both French and English speaking personnel. This in a sense ensured that all English and French speakers would be equal including their rights and freedoms. This act also allowed English speaking children have the right to learn and speak in English in a French speaking province. Interestingly, if the Act was not created, a child who spoke English would have found it to be very stressful as he/she would be struggling to speak French. This is why Pierre Trudeau was such a great P.M, he made decisions that benefited the country and the citizens in it.

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In conclusion, I picked Pierre Trudeau because he was a great inspiration to many Canadians, he helped fight off the FLQ, led the country in becoming bilingual and independent, and cared about all his peers. That is why he was such a great person and topic to research.