Civil Rights Amendments
During the reconstruction we established the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. The 13th Amendment started it all off by abolishing slavery. this was a huge step towards the reconstruction. The next was the 14th Amendment gave full rights to everyone born or naturalized in the United States, but this law did not apply to American Indians. The final Amendment was the 15th. this Amendment This was another huge law in the reconstruction, because it gave African American men the right to vote.
There were many plans as to how to reach the reconstruction. President Lincoln was one person who came up with a plan of action. His plan was a 10% plan, which meant only 10% of the voting population would have to take an oath of loyalty and the state would have to establish a government to be re-admitted to the union. The next person to have a different plan of action was developed by President Johnson. In his plan all the civilians needed to do was take a simple oath. He also required new constitution's which included the abolition of slavery, to pay off debts, and end secession. Congress also had there own plan, which worked in part with the Radical Republicans. There plan was to have civil authorities be the military supervision of the southern territory's.
The Black Codes were what closely resembled early Civil War salve codes. These Black Codes varied from state to state. All of these codes however tried to prevent African Americans from achieving political or economical equality with southern whites. Also African Americans could not hold meetings without a adult white mail present. These codes also stopped them from traveling without permits, own guns, attend school with whites, or serve on injuries.
During this time of Reconstruction there was much discriminating against African Americans. One way blacks were discriminated against was with voting. They did have the right to vote, due to the 15th Amendment. In the south they got this right taken away from them because the southern states required poll taxes and literacy tests to vote. This became a problem, and excluded most of the African Americans because few of them had an education, money, or the ability to read and write. Another major discrimination against blacks was the KKK. The KKK was a group of whites that would attack blacks and people that helped them, or thought of them as equal. It also scared a lot of people that would have helped blacks. African Americans fought back against this racial group by burning barns of the group members, and rallied together against the KKK when they tried to burn down there school; this rally was a success.
Closing of the Reconstruction
The end of the reconstruction was brought about by the Panic of 1873. the reconstruction ended partially do to this because of severe economic debt. Republicans had to stop many actions due to fewer funds. the content of this made voters turn against the Republican-controlled Congress. Democrats gained seats in the house, and the end of the Reconstruction grew closer and closer. the Republicans tried one final time to enforce the reconstruction by enacting the Civil Rights Act of 1875, after this bill was passed even the republican supporters began to see the reconstruction as a burden to everyday life. it was not long at all until the reconstruction would be totally gone.