By: Emily Rarrick

Trans-Siberian Railroad

The Trans-Siberian Railroad is the worlds longest railroad. It is at least 6,000 miles long. This railroad crosses 8 time zones. The guage is wider in Russia than in Europe and China. The cargo on the train is packed in large steel boxes. Their were thousands of Russian peasants, convicts, and solders were enlisted or drafted to work on making the railroad. The climate and terrain, or physical features made the making of the railroad very difficult. The workers had to use explosives to break through rocks and cliffs.

The Land Of Extreme Climates

The climates in Russia are so cold that it has permanitly frozen ground or permafrost. Russia has very cold and dark winters. Because of the permafrost it is impossible to have trees since the roots can't get far enough down into the ground. In Siberia the type of land is Tundra which is treeless plains in the Arctic. Most of Northern Russia has short summers which makes for short growing seasons. Russia's summers can get to be 100 degrees farenheit. St. Petersburg has an altitude of almost 60 degrees north. Just south of the Tundra is the Tiaga or the forested area.

Serfdom To Industrialization

The beginning of serdom began in the 1500's. The serfs weren't allowed to leave because they had very few rights. Some of the peasants starved because of the poor harvest. There were many strikes because of the starving workers. A politician named V. I. Lenin lad a politician society called the Bolshviks. Some Bolsheviks began the Russian Revolution.