Ageing Theories.

Disengagement&Activity Theories

Disengagement Theory-

This theory was developed by Cumming and Henry in 1961. In 1961, the creators of this theory, Cumming and Henry, put this theory together because they thought that elderly people would naturally withdraw any social involvement as they got older. The older the individual is the more restricted their opportunities. For example geographical mobility, for someone who has retired they may move away from friends and relatives or family members may move away themselves in order to seek a better life. Also, going along the lines of retirement, retiring from work may mean less contact with colleagues that may have built good friendship with. This may cause the individual to feel secluded and feel the need to be alone.

Cumming argued that the older people become they would experience a decrease in social interaction. He also argues that disengagement was a natural part of the ageing process.

The theory of disengagement was widely expected in the past and still is to this day. Some researchers do not agree with this theory, however it is important to remember when Cummings and Henry first released this theory in 1961 there was no interaction with the Internet or text messages.

Activity Theory-

This theory was written by Bromley in 1966. Bromley argued that elderly people needed to disengage, but also needed to stay active in order to prevent disengagement from going to far. Bromley also argued that it was very important to remain active mentally and also to maintain an interest in life itself and to remain sociable with the people around them. Too much disengagement could lead to loss of skills mentally and physically.

Examples