an overthrow of a government order in favor of a system
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- major, sudden, and hence typically violent alteration in government and in related associations and structures. The term is used by analogy in such expressions as the Industrial Revolution, where it refers to a radical and profound change in economic relationships and technological conditions.
The Haitian Revolution
On 22 August, 1791, the slaves of Saint Domingue rose in revolt and plunged the colony into civil war. The signal to begin the revolt was given by Dutty Boukman, during a religious ceremony on the night of August 14th. Within the next ten days, slaves had taken control of the entire Northern Province in an unprecedented slave revolt. Whites kept control of only a few isolated, fortified camps. The slaves sought revenge on their masters through “pillage, rape, torture, mutilation, and death”.
The Iranian Revolution
The Islamic Revolution refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran’s monarchy, and its replacement with an Islamic republic.The first major demonstrations against the Shah began in January, 1978. Between August and December of 1978, strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January of 1979.
On March 10th, 1952, a General overthrew the president of Cuba, and canceled all elections. This angered a young lawyer, and for the next seven years he led attempts to overthrow Batista’s government. On July 26th, 1953, they led an attack against the military barracks in Santiago, but he was defeated and arrested.