CANADA IN 2060

WHAT WILL CANADA LOOK LIKE IN 2060?

THIS ARTICLE WILL PROVIDE INFORMATION ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS:

  • HOW WILL IMMIGRATION TRENDS BE EFFECTED?
  • WHAT ROLE WILL IMMIGRATION HAVE IN THE FUTURE? WILL THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS INCREASE OR DECREASE?
  • WHAT WILL THE POPULATION LOOK LIKE?
  • WHAT STAGE WILL CANADA BE ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL?
  • HOW WILL THE DEPENDENCY LOAD CHANGE?
  • WHAT ROLE WILL THE FIRST NATIONS PLAY?
  • WILL CANADA FIX THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE FIRST NATIONS?

IMMIGRATION TRENDS

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CURRENT TRENDS

  • 250 000 people immigrate to Canada annually
  • In 2010 most immigrants came from 1) Philippines 2) India 3) China 4) U.K. 5) U.S
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Common pull factors of Canada:

  • Free healthcare
  • Excellent education system
  • Job opportunities
  • Democratic government
  • Multicultural societies
  • Religious freedom

NUMBER OF PEOPLE IMMIGRATING TO EACH PROVINCE in 2013:

  • Newfoundland and Labrador- 825
  • Prince Edward Island- 998
  • Nova Scotia- 2 529
  • New Brunswick- 2 019
  • Quebec- 51 983
  • Ontario- 103 494---Ontario received the most immigration in the year of 2013
  • Manitoba- 13 100
  • Saskatchewan- 10 679
  • Alberta- 36 636
  • British Columbia- 36 210
  • Yukon- 316
  • Northwest Territories- 150
  • Nunavut- 11

2060 PREDICTIONS

  • The number of immigrants will increase due to the gradual transition to an older population
  • Ontario will continue to receive large number of immigrants as they are facing labour deficits
  • The pull factor of employment will have a larger influence on immigrants as the labour shortages will provide many job opportunities
  • Skilled workers and business immigrants will be allowed to immigrate more easily because of the lack of workers
  • Many residents of Asia will immigrate because of current issues regarding gender inequality, religious prosecution and lack of jobs

POPULATION/DEMOGRAPHY TRENDS

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CURRENT TRENDS

  • Currently, Canada is a stage 4 country on the demographic transition model, meaning that the country has low birth and death rates
  • People are gradually having less children as they are living longer and because of the post war baby boom which led people to having smaller families
  • Society is known to have less children when they are guaranteed to survive for a longer time
  • An average man lives up to 80 years and an average woman lives to 85 years old
  • Immigration makes up 67% of Canada's population, very small natural population

Birth, Death and Population Growth Rate in 2014

  • Birth Rate: 10.29 births/1,000 population
  • Death Rate: 8.31 deaths/1,000 population
  • Population Growth Rate:0.76%

Median Ages in 2014

  • Total: 41.7 years; This is a high median age and means a large number of adults will be in the 60+ age group within the next couple of years

  • Female: 42.9 years

  • Male: 40.4 years

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2060 PREDICTIONS

  • 2026- many baby boomers will reach age of 80, high mortality age and this will cause the death rate to vastly increase
  • Canada will also gradually transition to stage 5 of the model as the death rate will increase with the older population starts to die
  • 2031- immigration rate is projected to increase and will make up approximately 80% percent of Canada's population-the job opportunities and education system will attract many in the future years
  • 2056- expected that the dependency load will become 50 seniors for every 100 workers (50:100 or 1:2)
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FIRST NATIONS

CURRENT

  • Our relationship with First Nations is very poor
  • They are treated poorly, judged and misunderstood
  • The First Nations have a high fertility rate however shorter life expectancy
  • Over 50% of their population is under the age of 24
  • Only 5.6% of Canada's populations has Aboriginal ancestry
  • First Nations people were abused both emotionally and physically in Residential Schools also contributing to the poor relationship
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Common Misconceptions:


  • All have long hair
  • Waste their money
  • Not educated
  • All alcoholics
Number of First Nations is different provinces and territories:


  • Newfoundland- 4
  • Nova Scotia- 13
  • Prince Edward Island- 2
  • New Brunswick- 15
  • Quebec- 39
  • Ontario- 126
  • Manitoba- 63
  • Saskatchewan- 70
  • Alberta- 45
  • British Columbia- 198
  • Yukon- 16
  • Northwest Territories- 26

2010 Vancouver Olympic Games Strike A Change

  • Before, the communities of Whistler, British Columbia had no relationship with the First Nations known as the Lil Wat
  • When the games started, the communities reached an agreement and it overall improved the relationship by about 75%
  • The First Nations gave permission to the hydro companies to build on their land in exchange for the opportunity to learn and receive jobs with the companies
  • From this the First Nations received recognition and acknowledgement
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2060 Predictions

  • Canada will attempt to form and develop and relationship with the First Nations to improve the country's reputation and to help reduce labour shortages
  • Canada is facing many problems in the skilled industries which could be a turning point making them reach out to the First Nations and improve the relationship
  • First Nations could contribute and help our government and economy in exchange for acknowledgement and acceptance amongst other terms
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7 Ways to Make a Difference
This shows how we as a society can help First Nations become a part of Canada. Not only does it improve Canada's reputation, it helps us advance as a society and rid our societies of racism and remove the negative stigma towards the First Nations.

HOW WILL OUR GENERATIONS LIVES BE DIFFERENT?


  • Increased demand for skilled workers
  • Skilled trades such as electricians, plumbers and carpenters will be majorly impacted
  • Labour deficits will impact the production rates as well
  • Industries will struggle to make enough products and meet demands which could also result in a higher cost of living due to increased prices on products
  • The demand of skilled workers could positively benefit us, especially individuals who seek a future in these industries
  • Increase in usage of services such as senior transportation and senior homes
  • Government will need to spend more money to provide for these services
  • Demand for employees in the healthcare industry, as well as, workers to care for senior citizens
  • It will create a strain on the economy and will be draining government funds
  • Citizens in Canada will be asking for pensions and this will create a loss in tax revenues
  • Affect the Canadian government's financial situation resulting in an increase in taxes or cutting of expenses in other areas to compensate for the losses
  • The future working population may have to pay more in order to help Canada's government sustain financial security
Therefore, as Canada will age, immigration will increase, the population will become older and Canada will transition to stage 5 on the demographic transition model. In addition, it is possible that there will be a better relationship with the First Nations. However, life for the future generations will be very different than life we are experiencing today.

Citations

"Canada Immigration FAQ." Canadian Citizenship & Immigration Resource Center. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www.immigration.ca/en/canada-immigration/immigration-faq.html>


Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 4 Mar 2015.<https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html>


"Dependency Ratio." Dependency Ratio. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-229-x/2009001/demo/dep-eng.htm>.


"Facts and Figures 2013 – Immigration Overview: Permanent Residents." Government of Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Communications Branch. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2013/permanent/11.asp>


"Population Growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061." The Canadian Population in 2011: Population Counts and Growth. Web. 4 Mar. 2015. <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-310-x/98-310-x2011003_1-eng.cfm>.


"Push and Pull Factors." O Canada. 5 May 2011. Web. 4 Mar 2015. <https://1eonsauce.wordpress.com/2011/05/05/push-and-pull-factors>