Great Tips on Improving Memory
By: Ellen Rankin
- Focus your attention on the materials you are studying - Never study where you sleep. By not studying where you sleep you avoid distractions such as taking naps, watching TV, etc.
- Avoid procrastination - By studying the material over many sessions it gives you time to better process information. Studying regularly helps you retain information.
- Organize what you study - Group similar concepts and terms together to help improve memory. This is called chunking, this is when you group information to make recall easier.
- Utilize mnemonic devices to remember information - Mnemonic devices are a way to remember information. You may come up with a rhyme or song to remember specific information
- Rehearse the information you study - Creating flashcards with terms and their definition can help to improve the recall process, especially if done repeatedly.
- Visualize concepts - By visualizing concepts you use your sensory memory. This is the memory you have that you have gathered from your senses. Color coding similar concepts or paying close attention to photographs and charts can greatly help improve your memory.
- Relate new information to what you already know - Try relating new information to what you already know. (create a relationship between new ideas and existing information).
- Teach others - Teaching what you learned to a friend or study partner has been shown to significantly improve memory recall.
- Pay more attention to difficult information - "Researchers have found that the order of information can play a role in recall, which is known as the serial position effect." It is important to spend a little extra time on the things that you learn in the middle to help in the recall process.
- Vary study routine - By changing up your study routine you can increase the effectivness of long-term recall. If you study in the evening, try studying a while in the morning. If you're use to studying in the library, try going outside.
- Get plenty of sleep - Sleep is very important to the process of learning and memory. Research has shown that by taking a nap after studying can actually help you speed up learning and improve memory.