The Disappearing Giants

Endangered Asian Elephants need our help.

Reasons for Endangerment

  • Major Habitat Loss
  • Rising human population= less space for elephants
  • Elephants hunted for ivory, meat, and skin
  • Elephants are used for logging
  • Source: AUT

Description

  • Mammals (NATGEO)
  • Thick gray skin (AUT)
  • Weigh two to five tons*
  • Up to twenty one feet long; six to nine feet at shoulder*
  • Communicate via rumbles, growls, bellows, moans, trumpets, and touch* (AUT)
  • Have a trunk: an extended nose (NATGEO)
*SMITHZOO

Adaptations

  • Padded feet for quiet walking (SMITHZOO)
  • Trunks, ears, and skin used for cooling purposes (NATGEO, SMITHZOO, AUT)
  • Touch to warn of danger (AUT)
  • Trunks used for picking up food (NATGEO)
  • Travel in herds (AUT)
  • Color helps them blend in (AUT, DKE)

Habitat

  • Live in grasslands, tropical forests, semi- deciduous/ mountain forests*
  • Stay near water sources*
  • Climate is cool, tropical, and shady*
  • No permanent homes (NATGEO)
  • Exist mostly in Asian countries*
*SMITHZOO

Food

  • Food found in natural habitat
  • Are herbivores
  • Usually not prey, but humans hunt them
  • Eat roots, bark, grasses, and fruit
Source: NATGEO, SMITHZOO

Critical Information

  • Logging is illegal**
  • Global ivory ban**
  • Wildlife reserves**
  • Elephants can't be traded**
  • Held provide food for other animals***
  • Dig up water holes***
  • Elephant paths commonly used***
  • Elephants can protect other animals***
**AUT, DKE, SMITHZOO, NATGEO; ***DKE