By Kacey Plunkett
A dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane, containing the genetic material. The function is to maintain the integrity of these genes and to control the activities of the cell, and is found in both plants and animals.
A nuclear membrane, also known as the nuclear envelope, is the double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells. the function is to be a barrier that separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm. Is found in both animals and plants.
A minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins, found in large numbers in the cytoplasm of living cells. They bind messenger RNA and transfer RNA to synthesize polypeptides and proteins. Export the polypeptide produced to the cytoplasm where it will form a functional protein. Is in both animals and plants.
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae). Makes the form of a chemical called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Is found in both.