Independent Judiciary

Tiffany, Leah, Anna, and Grace

Example from Constitution

The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

—Article III, Section 1

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. Justices on the Supreme Court serve for life with out a decrease in their salary.

Influence from the Federalist No. 78

In the Federalist No. 78, Alexander Hamilton wrote "The independence of the judges may be an essential safeguard against the effects of occasional ill humors in society." So, an independent judiciary would protect U.S. citizens against the abuses of the system by self interested parties.

Significance/ Purpose why our Founding Fathers included this principle

The purpose is to have the independent judge follow the laws to protect people from individual groups who only care about their own missons/ goals so the court makes an unbaised decision based on laws and facts.

Historical Example

1970's Watergate Scandal in the United States vs. Nixon.
The importance of an independent judiciary


a system of judges and courts that is separate from other branches of government