Galileo Galilei

By: Travis Martin

Early Life

Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei was a musician. Galileo's mother was Giulia degli Ammannati. Galileo was the first of six, though some people believe seven children. His family belonged to the nobility but was not rich. In the early 1570's, he and his family moved to Florence.

Contributing Science

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was a pivotal figure in the development of modern astronomy. Both because of his contributions directly to astronomy, and because of his work in physics and its relation to astronomy. He provided the crucial observations that proved the Copernican hypothesis. Also laid the foundations for a correct understanding of how objects moved on the surface of the earth dynamics and of gravity.

Isaac Newton, who was born the same year that Galileo died, would build on Galileo's ideas to demonstrate that the laws of motion in the heavens. Also the laws of motion on the earth were one and the same. Thus, Galileo began and Newton completed a synthesis of astronomy and physics in which the former was recognized as but a particular example of the latter. That would banish the notions of Aristotle almost completely from both.

Hardships

As a result of his own study, Galileo decided to support Copernicus' view of the solar system. At that time, the Catholic Church was as powerful as the most stringent dictatorship today. Everything that was done or said or thought had to be pre-approved by the Church. The Pope allowed Galileo to write a book on his views. Then one of Galileo's enemies caused Galileo to go before an Inquisition, saying that his discoveries went against the Church's teachings. He spent the rest of his life under house arrest but managed to write another book, which was secretly published in Holland. The Catholic Church would have had him burned if they had found out about this book.
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Awards ? Accomplishments ?

1.First to observe the moons of Jupiter and the rings of Saturn with a telescope.


2.Supporter of the heliocentric (Sun-centered) view of the Solar System and heretic to the Holy Roman Church.


3. Written about in many history textbooks today.

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Galileo Galilei Biography
Galileo Galilei - in a nutshell

sources

http://galileo.rice.edu/bio/narrative_1.html

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