Bill of Rights

By Gabi Dominianni 2nd period US history

The first amendment The right for free speech and religion

It means you can say what you want and support any religion you want without consequences.

The second amendment the right to bear arms

You have the right to have a weapon to protect yourself and others from harm if absolutely necessary/

Court case EX: district of Columbus V Heller.

Summary: Federal guard Dick Heller and 2 other plantiffs are filing a lawsuit against the district of Columbia for banning semi-automatics.

The third amendment no quartering

Soldiers cannot demand to stay at a citizen's house without the consent of the owner. Meaning you as a soldier can't barge in at times of war.

The fourth amendment Have a search warrant

Police can't just barge in and search and take your stuff without a search warrant.

Court case EX: Boyd V U.S.A

Summary: E.A Boyd's company was contracted by the government to supply glass for federal facilities in Philedelphia

The fifth amendment No double Jeopardy

You can't be charged twice for the same crime (Double Jeopardy), and you can't be charged without a fair trial.

Court case EX: Brown V Ohio

the sixth amendment The right to a lawyer

You have a right for a speedy trial and you also have the right to have a lawyer. Note that if you cannot afford one, the government will provide one for you.

the seventh amendment No case will haunt you in another court

Basically if a case has already been settled in a court, it cannot be brought up again in another court.

the eighth amendment No cruel or unusual punishment

Basically you cannot have excessive or unusual punishments for a specific crime that was committed.

court case EX: Stack V Boyle

summary: 12 people were arrested and charged with violating the smith act but for each defendant, the bail amount was $50,000

the ninth amendment Cannot take away rights

The rights of the people cannot be taken away from the people at the hands of the government for any reason.

Court case EX: Roe V Wade.

the tenth amendment State power

When the government doesn't say the state can't do something, the states have the power to do something.