Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Shannah Byrnes, Olivia Gorom, Grace Krieger, and Sarah Fox

What is ALL?

ALL is a type of blood cancer that is typically associated with having more B lymphatic cells than T cells. B and T cells play active roles in preventing the body from infections and germs. They also destroy cells that have already become infected. More specifically, B cells help prevent germs from infecting the body while T cells destroy the infected cells.
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Statistics

  • September is Leukemia Awareness Month
  • The color for the Leukemia awareness ribbon is orange
  • 6,020 new cases of ALL in the United States in 2014 (adults and children)
  • Average odds to acquire ALL is 1/750
  • There is a higher risk in whites to acquire this cancer rather than any other race
  • Potential risk is highest in children under the age of 5
  • Family history and exposure to radiation affect the risk of getting ALL as a child
  • Children with down syndrome are 20-50x more likely to acquire ALL
  • There is an 80% cure rate in children
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Treatment

Treatment for Lymphocytic Leukemia varies. One can undergo chemo, chemo with stem cell transplant, radiation therapy, immunotherapy. Although treatment is necessary for proper recovery, the effects of treatment can take a toll on the patients body. Effects include fatigue, drop in blood cells, feeling and being sick, complete hair loss, sore mouth, mouth ulcers, and diarrhea. A bone marrow transplant is said to be one of the worst pains one could experience.

Works Cited

"About Adult Lymphoblastic Leukemia." About Adult Lymphoblastic Leukemia. The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.

"Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Survival, Treatments, and More." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.

"Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia: Medical Animation." Cancer Treatment Centers & Hospitals. Cancer Treatment Centers of America, 01 Jan. 0001. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.

"Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)." National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, 5 June 2014. Web. 05 Oct. 2014.

"Leukemia." National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.

Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia." Definition. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014.