Dunes and Maritime Forest

Samantha And Thaiz

Our Beachy Enviorment

Dunes and Maritime Forests can be located at the beautiful beach,the hot desert,or the mysterious forests.A dune is a hill of sand built by either wind or water flow.A Maritime Forest is an ocean coastal wooded habitat found on higher ground than dune areas within range of salt spray.Sandy sometimes mixed with calcium carbonate linear barrier islands and some other shorelines along coast; sandy capes typically contain parallel zones of upper beach, undulating foredune, transition or backdune, and stable dune, sloping upward and away from the water's edge.
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Abiotic Factors

  • Wind and wave driven sand interact with pioneer grasses to build dunes
  • Waves from hurricanes can destroy dunes
  • Sun ( usually shady due to trees )
  • Coastal Ecosystem
  • Tends to be humid due to ocean
  • Saltwater
  • Sand
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Biotic Factors

Birds
  • Black Skimmer
  • Willett
  • SouthEastern Snowy Plover
  • Laughing Gull
  • American Oystercatcher

Plants

  • Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Cabbage Palm
  • Gumbo Limbo
  • Hackberry
  • Jamaican Dogwood
  • Saw Palmetto
  • Wax Myrtle
  • Devil's Walking Stick
  • Spanish Moss

Animals

  • Gray Squirrel

Reptiles

  • Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
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Dunes and Maritime Forests:Florida's Lifeblood

Maritime forests serve an important part in the barrier island ecosystem by: Stabilizing soil on the barrier island which reduces erosion.Providing hurricane protection. Providing important habitats for wildlife.Protecting and recharging freshwater for wildlife.Conserving ground water by reducing evaporation.Utilizing and recycling scarce nutrients in a relatively sterile environment.Serving a major part in the overall bar.Dunes play an important role both to the beaches that front them and the land behind them. Dunes act as a sand reserve for beaches. Dune systems act as a buffer between the high energy of the ocean and the land. Dunes provide a barrier to salt intrusion from high tides and storm surges, and it protects the land behind the dunes from erosion.

Human Impacts

Development of beach front with greatest impacts near Ft. Walton, Jacksonville, Palm Beach, Ft. Lauderdale, Miami, and Clearwater St. Petersburg by the 90's nearly 20% of Florida's barrier islands had been developed exotic plants such as Australian pine, Brazilian pepper, and sisal are also a serious problem.

Classification of Diamond Back RattleSnake

Domain:

King:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Reptilia

Order:Squamata

Family:Viperidae

Genus:Crotalus

Species:C.Atrox

Florida's Lifeblood: Dunes and Maritime Forests

Dunes play an important role both to the beaches that front them and the land behind them. Dunes act as a sand reserve for beaches. Dune systems act as a buffer between the high energy of the ocean and the land. Dunes provide a barrier to salt intrusion from high tides and storm surges, and it protects the land behind the dunes