Indian Wars

By Christopher Dorsett

Sand Creek

The battle of sand creek happened on november 29 1864 when a 700 man force of Colorado territory militia attacked and destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in the southeastern colorado territory there were and estimated 70-163 about two thirds were women and children. Some of the people involved in this were Black Kettle, John Chivington, and John S Smith witnessed the aftermath of all the dead bodies

Red Clouds War

Red Clouds War was an armed conflict between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho. The was was fought from 1866 to 1868 and the reason was that the winner would get control over the Powder River Country in north-central Wyoming. The United States lost around 200 people and the Lakota lost around 100. The United States were really outnumbered by over 1000 troops. The leaders of both sides were William Fetterman and Red Cloud for the Lakota

Red River War

The Red River war was a military campaign launched by the United Stated army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Native american tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations in the indian territory. The war on lasted several months because fewer and fewer Indian bands had the strength and supplies to remain in the field. Even though the last reasonable sized group did not surrender until mid-1875 the war marked the end of free roaming indian populations on the Southern Plains. The leader of the indians during this war was Quanah Parker.

Little Big Horn

The Battle of the little big horn was an engagement between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes against the United States. The battle only lasted from June 25-26 in 1876 near the Little Bighorn river in eastern Montana Territory, and was known as one of the bloodiest short battles in hIstory as 36-136 lives were lost for the Lakota and the United States. The leaders for both sides were Chief Gall for the Lakota and Fredrick Benteen for the United States.

Wounded Knee

The Wounded knee massacre occurred near wounded creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S state of South Dakota. This was not meant to turn into a battle the goal of the US was to first disarm the Lakota on december 29 but when one man refused to give us his rifle and then a scuffle ensued and a shot was fired igniting a full on massacre. The US only lost around 25 people while the Lakota lost almost 300 people most of whom were women and children. The man who led the US in to try to disarm them was James W Forsyth and the leader of the Lakota at this time was Spotted Elk