Social/ Emotional Development



-the quality and intensity of emotional reactions.


-Passivity how active a child is with their surrounding.
ex; Infant response to a new person or surrounding.

-Irritability is to feel distressed.

ex; Some babies cry easily and are harder to comfort.

-Activity Patterns levels of movements .

ex; Infants making few movements while asleep.


-strong emotional connection between people.

-attachment behaviors are shown in infants.

ex; cooing, kicking, gurgling, and laughing.

Separation anxiety

-another attachment behavior shown by infants.

-when a child protest because caregiver leaves .

-first signs of separation anxiety appear around 6 months of age .


Changes Over Time

Birth- 3 months

-newborns don't have refined emotions .

-general excitement and distress are the only emotions .

-smiling, wiggling, and looking alert are signs of excitement.

-distress is shown by the baby by crying.

-may notice there's no there's while baby cries.

Three to six months

-Children respond to people with smile/laughter.

-Make happy sounds when hold, feed, played with.

-Infants start to notice and smile at babies.

-Crying still used to distress.

-Tears begin to appear.

-children start to use different cries.

six to twelve months

-babies become actively involved with caregiver.

-when adults play with them babies express happiness, and joy.

-make sounds in response of speech of others.

-infants begin to develop fear.

-cries at sight of stranger.

twelve to twenty-four months

-children will be interested in exploring.

-they still fear unfamiliar.

- curious about new places and objects.

-take interest in other children

-children becomes aware of their abilities

-proud and happy when doing things alone

-become self aware

-help them understand rules