People of the Civil War

Research Project

Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln was elected president in 1860.He held the office throughout the civil war and was dedicated to keeping the union together. A few days after the war ended, he was assassinated.

Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis

Before the civil war, Jefferson Davis served in the U.S. Congress. He became President of the Confederate States of America in 1861. At the end of the war, he was accused of treason and put in prison for two years.

Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was responsible for many Union victories, and Abraham Lincoln put him in charge off the Union Army in 1864. After the war, Grant served two terms as President of the United States.

Robert E. Lee

Although he was offered command of the Union Army, Robet E. Lee chose to remain loyal to his home state of Virginia. In early 1865, He was given command to the Confederate Army. He was forced to surrender a few months later.

William Carney

Of all the men who wore blue uniforms in the Civil War, none felt more keenly the purpose of his mission than the African-American soldier. Every marching step, every swing of a pick and every round fired at Confederate enemies gave him a chance to strike a blow against slavery and prove himself equal to his white comrades. U.S. Colored Troops were consistentlygood fighters, performing well in every engagement in which they fought. Even their enemies had to grudgingly admit that fact. One USCT member, William H. Carney, transcended good to become great, and was the first black U.S. soldier to earn the Medal of Honor.

On February 17, 1863, at age 23, Carney heeded the call for African Americans to join a local militia unit, the Morgan Guards, with 45 other volunteers from his hometown of New Bedford, Mass. That unit would later become Company C of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment.

Philip Bazar

In the spring of 1861 the first pieces of Fort Fisher are being put in place. Philip Bazaar immagrated from Chile, and then enlisted in the Union Army in New Bedford, MA. At this time it is estimated that he was 26 years old. On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. Bazaar was one of the 6 were ordered to enter the fort during the assault. Philip bazaar is awarded the Medal of Honor on June 22, 1865. He is rewarded for his heroic efforts in the assault on Fort Fisher.

Juilia Ward Howe

She wrote new words to the song John Brown's Body, a song describing an abolitionist song during the time of the civil war. The Hymn has been sung at the funerals of such people as; the British hero Winston Churchill, Robert F Kennedy and President Reagen to name a few. She was inspired to write the hymn after meeting President Linclon in November 1861. The Hymn has been sung at the funerals of such people as; the British hero Winston Churchill, Robert F Kennedy and President Reagen to name a few. She was inspired to write the hymn after meeting President Linclon in November 1861.

John Wilkes Booth

"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was a book written by Harriet Beacher Stowe, an abolitionist. This book was about the hard times of being a slave. It provoked many in the south and made the north angry about the south's ways of life. Booth was a guard at the hanging of John Brown in the case a supporter of Brown were to save him. The civil war has begun. John Wilkes Booth is arrested for making bad remarks against President Abraham Lincoln. Throughout the civil war John wilkes booth acted as a spy for the confederacy. He was a very successful actor in the North and South making it easier for him to find information about the Union. In the summer of 1864 Booth plots to kidnap Lincoln but later changes his plot when Robert E. Lee surrenders ,and Lincoln makes plans to see a play at Booth's theater. On good Friday April 14, 1865 while Lincoln is at Ford theater watching a play, John Wilkes Booth sneaks up and shoots Lincoln in the head. After this Booth breaks his leg by jumping out of the President's box and exiting the buildin shouting "Sic Semper Tyranis". Booth is tracked down to the garret's farm and is killed because of the murder he commited against President Lincoln.

William T. Sherman

General Sherman led troops in some of the most important battles of the Cilvil War. In late 1864, his army marched through Georgia, causing great distruction along the way.

Sherman had views that the war would not end quickly. He then got replaced by Don Carlos Buell. During the battle of Shiloh, William Sherman commanded the division. Unfortunately he was defeated by the Confederate. He was then promoted to major general even with the defeat! Successful now, Sherman started looking towards the northern part and began marching through the Carolinas. He was chasing the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston. He kept of destroying all in his path and targeting South Carolina for their role in seceding from the Union. William Sherman kept on doing all sorts of things in the Civil War. He capture Columbia, and South Carolina on the 17th of February. He defeated the troops in North Carolina under Johnston during the Battle of Bentonville and then accepted surrender to him later on.

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

"Stonewall" Jackson led his troops bravely in many battles. In 1863, he was accidentaly shot and died several days later of Pneumonia.